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In today’s class, we will be talking about the bacterial disease. Enjoy the class!
|BACTERIAL DISEASE||ANIMAL AFFECTED||MODE OF TRANSMISSION||SYMPTOMS||CONTROL/PREVENTION|
|Cattle, Sheep, Goat, Pig.||Through contaminated feed, water, equipment and infected animals.||High fever, depression, staggering and sudden death of the animal.||No effective drug for the treatment. Regular vaccination, infected animals should be slaughtered and buried, proper sanitation.|
|Brucellosis (Contagious abortion) Brucella abortus||Pigs, Cattle, Sheep and Goat.||Contaminated feed, water, contact with infected animals, contact with infected materials such as shoes etc.||Abortion, inflammation of the womb, diarrhoea and dysentery, paralysis, loss of milk and frequent infertility.||Sick animals should be isolated and badly infected animals should be killed and
|Tuberculosis Mycobacterium tuberculosis||Cattle, Sheep, Goat, Pigs and poultry birds.||Sputum, droppings, milk of infected Cow, germ inhaled or through
mouth during feeding
|Constant coughing, loss of weight and appetite, infection of liver and udder in Cows.||No cure or drug. Animal infected should be killed and buried, good sanitation, isolate suspected animals.|
|Poultry||Through contamination of feeds, water and litter||Watery droppings that are usually sticky and greenish-white in colour.||Obtain chicks from disease-free sources, Isolate infected birds, Maintain good sanitation, Treat the infected birds with appropriate antibiotics.|
|Fowl Typhoid||Fowl||Through contaminated feed, water and litter materials||Yellowish watery droppings, loss of appetite and ruffled appearance.||Routine vaccination, Maintain good sanitation, Treat the infected birds with appropriate antibiotics
|Fowl Cholera||Fowl||Through contaminated feed, water and litter.||Ruffled appearance, thirst due to dehydration, blood-stained yellowish watery droppings and sudden death.||Isolate infected birds,
Maintain good sanitation measures,
Practice routine vaccination and treat the infected birds with appropriate antibiotics.
- List five bacteria diseases
- List three animals that are affected by brucellosis
|FUNGAL DISEASE||ANIMAL AFFECTED||MODE OF TRANSMISSION||SYMPTOMS||CONTROL/PREVENTION|
|RINGWORM||Cattle Sheep, Goat and Rabbit||Contact with contaminated feeders and water troughs||Lesions (injury, damage, change in texture) in the skin of the animals, irritation of the skin, loss of appetite and weight.||Disinfection of pens and equipment treat affected parts with sulphur ointment.|
|ASPERGILLOSIS Aspergillus fumigatus||Poultry birds, Pigs, Cattle||Through contaminated feed (mouldy feed), mouldy litter.||Difficult breathing, respiratory disorder, loss of appetite, irritation of the skin, high body temperature, loss of weight.||Regular disinfection of the pen and equipment, avoid the use of mouldy feed, practice good sanitation and maintain proper hygiene, spray fungicide from time to time to kill fungi spores.|
- List three fungal diseases
- State the symptoms of ringworm
- Redwater fever (Piroplasmosis)
|PROTOZOAN DISEASE||ANIMAL AFFECTED||MODE OF TRANSMISSION||SYMPTOMS||CONTROL/PREVENTION|
|Cattle, Sheep and Goat||Spread by the blood-sucking Tse-tse fly which sucks blood from an infected animal and transmit the pathogen to a healthy animal.||Rise in body temperature, dullness in appearance, constant sleeping.||Clearing of bush around a farm to remove the fly’s habitat, spraying with insecticides to kill vector, treatment with drugs such as trypanosomide and antimosan.|
|COCCIDIOSIS Eimera spp||Domestic fowl, duck, goose, turkey, guinea fowl and rabbit||It is spread through faeces, litter, feed, water and contaminated soils.||Dropping wings, loss of appetite, blood-stained diarrhoea, emaciation, high mortality, loss of hair/ acopecia (in rabbit)||Proper sanitation, avoid wet litters and feed, change of litter used and general disinfection, use suitable drugs such as amprolium and nitrofurazone in water, treat with coccidiostats.|
|REDWATER FEVER (PIROPLASMOSIS) Babesia spp||Cattle, Sheep, Goat and Pig||It is transmitted through the bite of a vector called Bluetick.||Rise in body temperature, loss of appetite, diarrhoea, pale red colour of urine, emaciation and death.||Spray with insecticides to kill vector of disease (blue tick), injection of drugs such as Trypan Blue, Babesan or Phenamidine.|
- State 4 bacterial diseases affecting livestock.
- State 2 symptoms of Tuberculosis.
- Name 4 animals affected by tuberculosis.
- What are the symptoms of fowl typhoid?
- List 3 fungal diseases of animals.
- Name 3 animals affected by ringworm.
- State three diseases caused by protozoa.
- What the vector of Piroplasmosis?
- Outline three symptoms of Coccidiosis.
Essential Agric Science by O. Iwena page 386 -390
- Which of the following livestock diseases is transmitted by a tick? (a) Coccidiosis (b) aspergillosis (c) brucellosis (d) red water fever
- Which of the following diseases is not caused by protozoa (a) trypanosomiasis (b) Coccidiosis (c) red water fever (d) aspergillosis
- When a cattle is observed to be sleeping constantly among the flock, it’s most likely suffering from (a) trypanosomiasis (b) coccidiosis (c) red water fever (d) aspergillosis
- The disease that causes abortion in cattle at the later stage of pregnancy is (a) milk fever (b) pneumonia (c) brucellosis (d) foot and mouth
- Trypanosomiasis can affect the following animals except for (a) fowl (b) cattle (c) sheep (d) goat
- Explain Redwater fever disease under the following headings – causal organisms, animals affected, mode of transmission, symptoms, control.
- State three diseases caused by protozoa.
- Name the animals affected in each case.
In our next class, we will be talking about Livestock Ectoparasites Life Cycles. We hope you enjoyed the class.
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