Welcome to class! 

In today’s class, we will be talking about hockey. Enjoy the class!



Ball games

Ball games are any form of game or sport which feature a ball as part of the play. These include games such as soccer, baseball, hockey, basketball, rugby and volleyball. Such games have diverse rules and histories and are of mostly unrelated origins. Hockey is an outdoor game played by two opposing teams of 11 players each who use sticks curved at the striking end to hit a small, hard ball into their opponent’s goal. Although, there are two types of hockey games, field hockey and ice hockey, yet only the field hockey will be discussed here. In this chapter, you will learn about the basic skills and techniques, rules and safety regulation, officials, equipment and values of the hockey game.

Hockey game

Hockey is a team game played between two teams of eleven players each using hooked sticks with which the players try to drive a small hard ball towards goal at opposite ends of a field. The objective of hockey is simple: to hit or strike the ball within the striking circle into the opponent’s net and score a goal. Any goal scored from outside the striking circle is disallowed. The team with the most goals at the end of the game wins.

Field hockey is played mostly on grass (natural or artificial), with the small hard ball approximately 73 mm (2.9 in) in diameter. Modern hockey sticks are j- shaped and constructed of a mixture of wood, glass fibre or carbon fibre, a have a curved hook at the playing end, a flat surface on the playing side and curved surface on the rear side. All sticks are right-handed, as left-handed sticks are not permitted.

Basic skills and techniques

Hockey is a sport made up of many different skills, of which the basic skills are:

  1. Hit: This technique is used when the ball is hit with a considerable force but less than offendable force. By hitting the ball, the player wants to take it to a long distance. It is also used to put the ball in the opponent’s goal.
  2. Trapping/stopping: Used as a technique to receive the ball. To stop the ball players move backwards to slow the ball before stopping it. They usually let the ball come slightly across the body, and lean the stick in to catch the ball.
  3. Drive: Used to make the most powerful passes and to advance balls long distances up the field. Driving the ball is commonly used for free hits and short corner shots on goal. Drives are also used on defence to clear the ball out of the defensive circle.
  4. Dribble: Used for eliminating opponents. Dribble consists of tiny taps across the ball to move it forward and keep possession. The flat side of the stick, and not the round side, is used to touch the ball when dribbling.

  5. Pass: Used to deliver the ball to one’s teammate. Players on the fieldwork together by passing the ball between each other to progress it up the field. There are a few common passes:
  • Flat pass: A pass directly to the left or right, generally across the field.
  • Through pass: A straight forward Das pass.
  • Back pass; a backward pass.
  • Push pass: A pass made by a player who keeps the ball to the stick for a while before pushing it.
  1. Push: Used when a player makes use of his wrist to move the ball ahead. It is the ball we are used typically to pass the ball to another teammate.
  2. Flick: This technique is also known as the scoop. It is similar to the push. The only difference is that the stick is put at an angle to lift the ball off the ground.


In our next class, we will be talking more about Hockey.  We hope you enjoyed the class.

Should you have any further question, feel free to ask in the comment section below and trust us to respond as soon as possible.

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