DIFFERENTIATION OF TRIGONOMETRIC FUNCTIONS, LOGARITHMIC FUNCTIOS AND EXPONENTIAL FUNCTIONS

DERIVATIVE OF TRIGONOMETRIC FUNCTIONS

The derivative of y = sin x  dy/dx = cos x

The derivative of y = cos x dy/dx = – sin x

The derivative of y= tan x   dy/dx = sec2 x\

The derivative of y = sec x dy/dx = secxtanx

The derivative of y = cosec x dy/dx = cosec x cot x

The derivative  of y = cot x dy/dx = – cosec2 x

Examples

(1) If  y = cos 2x

dy/dx = – sin2x  x  d/dx ( 2x)

dy/dx = -2 sin 2x

( 2) If y = cos2 x

Let u = cos x and y = u2

dy/du= 2u and du/dx= -sinx

dy/dx = 2u x – sinx

dy/dx = – 2 cos x sin x

( 3) If  y = sec 6x

Let u = 6x and y= sec x

du/dx = 6 and dy/du = sec u tan u

dy/dx = 6 sec u tan u

dy/dx  = 6 sec 6x tan 6x

 

EVALUATION

Differentiate the followings : (i)  y = tan 8x   (ii)  y= cot 5x  (iii)  y = sin4 x

THE DERIVATIVE OF LOGARITHMIC FUNCTIONS

If   y = loge x   dy/dx = 1/x(note that logex=lnx)

Examples

(1) If  y =loge ( 3x + 2 )

dy/dx  =dy/du  x  du/dx

Let u  = 3x +2 and y = loge u

du/dx = 3  and  dy/du  = 1/u

dy/du   = 1/u  x 3  = 3/3x + 2

(2)  If    y = loge( 4x – 1) 2

Let  u = ( 4x – 1 )2 and  y = loge u

du/dx = du/dv  x  dv/dx where  v = 4x – 1

du/dx =2v  x  4 =  8v

dy/du  =  1/u

dy/dx  =dy/dx  x  du/dx  = 1/u  x 8v

dy/dx  =  8 (4x – 1)/(4x – 1)2

dy/dx  = 8 /4x-1

 

EVALUATION

Differentiate the followings: ( i)   y = loge 8x    (ii)   y = ln ( 6x + 9 )3   (iii)   y = ln (3x2 – 5x +6)

THE DERIVATIVE OF EXPONENTIAL FUNCTIONS

If  y  = exdy/dx = ex

Examples

(1) If   y = e2x

dy/dx = dy/du  x  du/dx

u =  2x  and   y = eu

du/dx = 2  and  dy/du = eu

dy/dx = eu  x  2

dy/dx = e2x  x  2

dy/dx = 2 e2x

(2)  If   y = esin4x

dy/dx = dy/du   x du/dx

Let  u = sin 4x  and   y = eu

du/dx = 4 cos 4x  and  dy/du = eu

dy/dx  =eu  x  4 cos 4x

dy/dx = esin xx  4 cos 4x

dy/dx = 4 esin4xcos 4x

 

EVALUATION

Differentiate the followings : (i)  y = etan 7x  (ii)  y = e6x   (iii)   y = e-5sin3x

 

GENERAL EVALUATION

(1) Find the derivative of each of the following functions : (i)   sin3 x  (ii) cosec x2

(2) Find the derivative of each of the following functions ; (i)   log ( x -5x + 6 )

(3) Differentiate each of the followings  :   (i) ecosec x    (ii)  ex  –  e-x

(4) Differentiate  log ( cos x + sin x )

Reading Assignment : New Further M aths Project   2   page   13o – 137

 

WEEKEND ASSIGNMENT

1)  If  y = loge ( 1/x)    find  dy/dx    a) 1/x   b) -1/x  c)  1/x2  d) -1/x2

2) If  y = 3 e5x   find dy/dx   a) 3e5x  b) 15e3x   c)  15e5x  d) 5e5x

3) If  y = sin 4x  find  dy/dx  a)  4 cos 4x  b) -4cos4x  c)  4sin4x  d) 4tan 4x

4) If y = cot 7x  finddy/dx  a) 7sec2 x  b) -7cosec2 x  c) -7cosec2 7x  d) 7 tan 7x

5) Differentiate   sin x – cos x  a) sinx + cosx  b) cosx – sinx  c) sinx- cosx  d)   -sinx-cosx

 

THEORY

1) Differentiate the followings ; (i) cos3 x   (ii) sin 4x  (iii)  ecos 5x   (iv) cos4x3

2) Differentiate the followings  : (i)  ln sin x  (ii) log ( x2 – 2)  (iii)  log  ( 1 + x )4

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