Welcome to class! 

In today’s class, we will be talking about scales. Enjoy the class!


Scale Drawing by Fine Art Gallery | Saatchi Art

A scale is a set of notes grouped in a particular pitch pattern. The notes of a scale are identified by numbering, from 1- 8 with the tonic assigned number 1 while the other tones move up and down in sequence to the octave being number 8.  The scale that is most commonly ordered by increasing music is the major scale.  A scale ordered by increasing pitch is referred to as an ascending scale while the scale ordered by decreasing pitch is a descending scale.  Some scales are distinct and significant in characters as they contain different pitches when ascending and when descending.

  • Major scales:

In this, notes are arranged in a particular sequence of half steps and whole steps.  A half step is a distance from one note to the immediate closest note.  For instance, on a Piano the distance between any key to the next closest key is a half- step, regardless it is a black key or white key. To construct a major scale from any starting tone, the following arrangement whole steps (w) and half steps (h) should be applied.  The first step in ear training is to learn the pattern for the major scale and the numbers for each note in the scale.  The numbers of the scale are sometimes called scale degrees.

  • Minor scales:

These are characterized by the darker and heavier sound in their pattern and order.  The construction of minor scale through the arrangement of whole steps (or) and half steps is done in the pattern below.  The minor scales follow the internal pattern of W-H-W-W-H-W-W. to create a minor scale in any key, begin on the tonic of a key, and add scale tones according to this pattern.


In our next class, we will be talking about the Craft of Toy Making and Weaving.  We hope you enjoyed the class.

Should you have any further question, feel free to ask in the comment section below and trust us to respond as soon as possible.

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