Welcome to class! 

In today’s class, we will be talking about sculpture. Enjoy the class!



The sculpture is a branch of fine art that exists in three- dimensional form. It is also referred to as the art of making three dimensional solid objects by modelling, casting, carving, welding. Sculptural work can be seen from different sides. It is rendered in relief or the round, from materials such as clay, wood, metal, bronze, stone, cement, plastic, marble and ivory.

Relief sculpture: this is a type of sculpture where the element in a sculptural work are raised but remain attached to a solid background of the same or other types of material. It is rendered to project out of the background while still attached to it. Relief is classified by the level of projection from the background.  It is grouped into three- low or bas relief, mid and high relief.  It is also used for ornamental and architectural fittings for decoration of buildings, metal works, jewellery and medals.

Sculpture in the round

These are sculptural pieces that are rendered to stand freely on their own without being attached to any background.  They are figures presented in complete three-dimensional form and can be viewed from every side of the figure and surrounded only by space.  Typical examples of sculpture in the round include statues and portrait busts.

Materials and tools for creating sculptural works
  1. Clay
  2. Wood
  3. Bronze
  4. Metal
  5. Ivory
  6. Silver
  7. Gold
  8. Tusks
  9. Glass
  10. Stone
  1. Chisel
  2. Spatula
  3. Mesh
  4. Hammer
  5. Axe
  6. Sandpaper
  7. Knives
  8. Mallet
  9. Spraying machine
  10. Drilling machine


This could be defined as the art of making items from wood. Among the earliest known to man, wood was counted as one of the first alongside stone, clay and animal part. It was also captured through the evolution of man and civilization that there was once a stage by stage increase of skill in the working of these materials. Today, the advent of modern technology and population explosion and demand has further revolutionized the era of the woodwork.  All the same, the demand for handcrafted works such as furniture and art have not declined.  Furniture such as tables and chairs are made using solid stock while cabinets are crafted from plywoods.

Woodworking tools and materials include; axes, tape rule, chisel, pull saw, bow drills, glue, nails, leather, scraper, sharpening stone etc.

  • Wood carving:

This is woodwork that involves the chipping away of parts of a block of wood using a cutting tool (knife or chisel) and mallet resorting in a wooden figure. The nature of the wood being carved defines the scope of the carver depending on the degree of hardness of the wood.

  • Joinery:

This is an area of woodwork that involves joining pieces of timber to produce more complex items. To join pieces of timber together, a range of options are explored eg. Bindings, fasteners, adhesives and wood elements.

Wooden joints are characterized by:

  1. Strength
  2. Flexibility
  3. Toughness
  4. Appearance


In our next class, we will be talking about Clay.  We hope you enjoyed the class.

Should you have any further question, feel free to ask in the comment section below and trust us to respond as soon as possible.

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