Symptoms of Non – communicable Disease 



Welcome to class!

In today’s class, we shall be talking about the Symptoms of non – communicable disease. Please enjoy the class! 

Symptoms of Non – communicable Disease

Symptoms of Non - communicable Disease 

Unlike a sudden cold or a contagious flu, Non-communicable diseases often develop silently, sending out subtle signals through our bodies that we might miss or misinterpret. So, how do we become better detectives and decipher these cryptic “symptoms”?

Before diving into symptoms, once again, let’s meet the NCD A-listers:

Cardiovascular diseases (CVDs): These heartbreakers include heart attacks, strokes, and high blood pressure. Think chest pain, shortness of breath, and dizziness as potential red flags.

Cancers: From lung and breast cancers to leukemia and lymphoma, these uncontrolled cell growths have diverse symptoms depending on the type and location. Lumps, unusual bleeding, and persistent pain are some common clues.

Chronic respiratory diseases (CRDs): Asthma, COPD, and chronic bronchitis make breathing a struggle. Wheezing, coughing, and difficulty taking deep breaths are their calling cards.

Diabetes: This blood sugar imbalance can lead to thirst, frequent urination, unexplained weight loss, and slow-healing wounds.

While these are the main categories, Non-communicable diseases have a vast and sometimes overlapping symptom universe. Some general symptoms to watch out for include:

  • Fatigue and low energy: Feeling constantly drained, even after adequate sleep, could be a sign of an underlying chronic condition.
  • Unexplained weight loss or gain: Fluctuations in weight without any major dietary or lifestyle changes can be a symptom of several Non-communicable disease.
  • Changes in sleep patterns: Insomnia, excessive sleepiness, or disturbed sleep can be indicators of various health issues.
  • Persistent pain: Whether it’s a dull ache or a sharp pang, chronic pain can be a symptom of many Non-communicable disease, from arthritis to cancer.
  • Skin changes: Rashes, unusual discoloration, or persistent itching can sometimes signal internal imbalances associated with Non-communicable disease.

Remember: These are just some general pointers, and experiencing any of these symptoms doesn’t necessarily mean you have an NCD. However, it’s always best to consult a healthcare professional if you notice any persistent or concerning changes in your health.

The good news is that Non-communicable diseases are often preventable or manageable with early diagnosis and proper treatment. By being attuned to your body’s whispers and paying attention to these potential symptoms, you can take control of your health and prevent complications down the line.


Embrace a healthy lifestyle: Eat a balanced diet, exercise regularly, manage stress, and avoid smoking and excessive alcohol consumption.

Get regular checkups: Schedule regular checkups with your doctor for preventive screenings and early detection of Non-communicable disease.

Educate yourself: Knowledge is power! Learn about different Non-communicable diseases, their risk factors, and preventive measures.

Question Time:

  1. Explain how early detection of Non-communicable disease can help prevent complications and improve health outcomes.
  2. Describe the role of lifestyle choices in the development and prevention of Non-communicable disease.
  3. Compare and contrast the symptoms of two different Non-communicable disease, such as heart disease and diabetes.
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