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In today’s class, we will be talking about communalism, feudalism, fascism. Enjoy the class!
Communalism, Feudalism, Fascism
Communalism is a principle of political organization based on federated communes; a system of government in which local communities sometimes on an ethnic or religious basis have rights or condition of self-government.
It can also be defined as a system of government whose practice is based on strong allegiance to one’s own ethnic group rather than society as a whole – it refers to the principles or practices of communal ownership.
Communalism is the shared belief within a particular culture that promotes religious and secular isolation from another group.
Characteristics of communalism
- It is described as a tool to mobilize people for or against the elites of communities by raising an appeal for example If a person is deprived of his or her rights and privileges, just based on his or her community, this would constitute communalism
- Communalism promotes the unwillingness to accept other belief patterns and faiths
- It allows emotional disobedience to the extent of crossing the bounds of the law.
- It causes rivalry and violence among the masses
- It is used by the higher class of people and elites as an instrument for division and exploitation
- It mostly rests on prejudices
- Communalism has a broader base which encompasses social, economic and political aspects for its manifestations.
Feudalism can be defined as the identification of landed property with sovereignty over a parcel of land which becomes a private hereditary possession and an asset to the family.
Characteristics of feudalism
- Vassals hold land in trust for the lords.
- There was evidence of a close personal bond between the lord and the vassal
- If a vassal dies without heirs, his property is reverted to the lord
- If a vassal was guilty of treason, the lord might claim his possession by forfeiture
- This system is based on land ownership
- The overlords are duty-bound to offer protection to themselves
- Vassals are people who are appointed to manage homage and proceeds for landowners
- Lords are the landowners
Advantages of feudalism
- Order and personal loyalty: Feudalism gave some order and avoided chaos by bringing together the strong sentiments of personal loyalty connected with the possession of the land.
- Framework: Feudalism provided a temporary framework of order on which a true and reliable national life could grow
- Self-reliance: It fostered among the big lords, self-reliance and love of personal independence
- Liberty is obtained: Feudalism succeeded in keeping alive the spirit of liberty in medieval Europe.
Disadvantages of feudalism
- Confusion: Feudalism confused private and public rights.
- Common laws are obediently adhered to.
- Inability to concretize strong and national government
- Feudalism caused disintegration and the state could no longer function as a whole.
Fascism is referred to as a form of government headed by a dictator in which the government has total control over all activities in the state and the people are denied personal liberties and rights.
Characteristics of fascism
- The economy of the state is highly centralized.
- Political opposition is highly prohibited
- It denies individuals of their rights and liberty
- Only selected elite groups can become leaders
- The leader has all the powers of the state i.e executive, legislative and judicial powers.
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