Welcome to class!
In today’s class, we will be talking about ways of losing citizenship. Enjoy the class!
Ways of Losing Citizenship
- Through disloyalty: A naturalized citizen can lose his citizenship if his activities are prejudicial to the country’s corporate existence
- Supporting Another country: If a citizen is found supporting another country engaged in war with his country, his citizenship may be deprived of him
- Imprisonment: The individual can also lose his citizenship if, within a period of say 5-7 years after of becoming nationalized, he gets involved in a criminal case, resulting in his incarceration for some years.
- Treason: The nationalized citizen can equally lose his citizenship if found guilty of this offence
- False Declaration: If there is a fundamental breach of the citizenship agreement binding him e.g false declaration
- Renouncement: The individual can lose his citizenship by renouncing it
Rights of a citizen
Fundamental human right means that every individual at birth is endowed with certain rights- life, liberty and the pursuit of happiness. Most of these rights are recognized and entrenched in the constitution of most countries. Therefore it is the responsibility of the state to ensure that its citizenship enjoys these rights
These rights include:
- The right to life, security, protection of the law and undisturbed access to the court of law
- Freedom and protection from slavery and forced labour
- The right to vote and to be voted for in any political election
- Right to ownership of property and protection from deprivation of property
- Freedom of forming and joining any political association
- Freedom of movement without any restraints
- Freedom from unlawful detention, arrest and torture
- Freedom of expression and the press
- Right to education
- The right to a fair hearing
- Freedom of religion
Ways of safeguarding citizen’s rights
- Independent judiciary which can adjudicate on matters of citizen right infringement
- Respect for the rule of law
- The free press which can serve as a watchdog against abuse of human rights
- Awareness on the part of citizens on their rights
- Existence of human right commission
- Ruling according to the rule of law
- Introduction of programs to enlighten the people
Duties and obligations of citizens
- Obedience to the law
- Prompt payment on taxes and other compulsory bills
- Helping law enforcement agency in exposing and attacking crime
- The citizen is expected to appear as a witness in court when summoned to provide evidence
- Participating in the electoral process to elect public office holder
Limitations to citizen’s rights
- A citizen has no right to slander another citizen
- A citizen who is convicted and imprisoned may lose his voting rights and movements while in prison
- A citizen has no right to trespass into another person’s property
- The government may restrict citizen’s movement during an emergency period e.g. curfew
- A citizen may be denied to own some property e.g. weapons of the same category
- Citizens may be deprived of their lives and this could happen if they take another person’s life and are condemned by the court.
- Outline the ways one can lose citizenship.
- List and explain six (6) rights of a Nigerian citizen.
- Highlight the ways the rights of a citizen can be protected.
- What are the duties and obligations of the citizen to the state?
- Under what circumstances can a citizen’s rights be breached?
In our next class, we will be talking about Political Parties. We hope you enjoyed the class.
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