Family As A Basic Unit Of Society


Welcome to class! 

In today’s class, we will be talking about the family as a basic unit of society. Enjoy the class!

Family as a Basic Unit of Society

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A family is a group of people related by blood, marriage or adoption. A family is a social unit of two or more persons related by blood, marriage or adoption and having a shared commitment to the mutual relationship. Members of a family have mutual duties to each other.

There are however two common types of family, namely:

  1. Nuclear family: This is a family consisting father, mother and children living together and isolated from their extended family.
  2. Extended family: This family consists of the nuclear family and other family members such as Uncles, Aunts, Cousins, Nephews, Nieces, Grandparents, living together and keeping up with household duties.

Members of the extended family

In addition to parents and children, other members of an extended family may include:

  • Grandparents
  • Aunts: The sister to your father or mother
  • Uncles: The brother to your father or mother
  • Nieces: The daughter of your brother or sister
  • Cousins: The child of your aunt or uncle
  • Stepbrother: The son from an earlier marriage of your stepmother or stepfather
  • Stepsister: The daughter from an earlier marriage of your stepfather or stepmother
  • Nephew: The son of your brother or sister

Roles of the extended family members in child development

  1. Raising a child in a family surrounded by loved ones, relations and grandparents help them to be an affirmative individual, strong self-esteem.
  2. They are given appropriate parental care and sacrifice.
  3. Extended family members have direct interaction and influence on children and serve as their role models in aiding them with success, encouragement, support and guidance.
  4. They are often not neglected and most courageous.
  5. They help in proper child growth and give appropriate child care, these children are not always lonely and can express themselves.
  6. Extended family members can be a child’s closest friend and are always important in the life of a child (mostly grandparents).


In our next class, we will be talking about Harmful Traditional Practices.  We hope you enjoyed the class.

Should you have any further question, feel free to ask in the comment section below and trust us to respond as soon as possible.

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1 thought on “Family As A Basic Unit Of Society”

  1. This is a good recommended class notes to all teachers in both private and government schools for recognition. I really enjoyed it, it’s simple and straight forward in explanation. Keep it up, God is your strength. Thank you

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