Speech Work


Welcome to class! 

In today’s class, we will be talking about speech work, etc. Enjoy the class!

Reviewing the Vowel and the Consonants


There are twenty vowels in the English Language. They include twelve pure vowels and eight diphthongs.

Pure vowels

  1. /i:/ Seat, Cheap, Sheep
  2. /i/ sit, chip, ship
  3. /e/ set, bread, friend
  4. /ᴂ/ Sat, Chat, match
  5. /a:/ Far, pass, father
  6. /ɔ/ Dog, hot, what
  7. /ɔ/ port, Lord, ward
  8. /u/ full, pull, would
  9. /u:/ fool, pool, coup
  10. /Λ/ fun, cut, tongue
  11. /ᴈ:/ first, nurse, word
  12. /ə/ again, away, forget


  1. /ei/ eight, gate, stable
  2. /əv/ go, boat, toe
  3. /ai/ bite, fight, die
  4. /au/ how, south, doubt
  5. /ɔi/ boy, oil, toy
  6. /iə/ fear, hear, cheer
  7. /eə/ fare, hair, bare
  8. /əu/ sure, poor, tour


There are twenty-four consonants in the English Language. They are

  1. /p/ People, deep, stipend
  2. /b/ ball, debate, mob
  3. /t/ take, mistake, boat
  4. /d/ do, admit, mad
  5. /k/ can, kettle, suck
  6. /g/ gun, bag, again
  7. /ts/ church, watch, butcher
  8. /d ɜ/ judge, joy, bridge
  9. /f/ fever, safe, father
  10. /v/ voice, revise, involve
  11. /θ/ thank, both, thorough
  12. / ∂ / that, mother, breathe
  13. /s/ sun, miss, messenger
  14. /z/ zoo, wise, bags
  15. /j/ shirt, wish, mission
  16. /dɜ/ measure, pleasure, vision
  17. /h/ house, hurry, rehearse
  18. /m/ man, remember, warm
  19. /n/ name, renew, tan
  20. /ɳ/ going, doing, tongue
  21. /l/ late, little, tibe
  22. /r/ write, rat, worry
  23. /w/ worry, reward, worship
  24. /j/ yam, yes, duty

Review of Tenses

Tenses occurs only in verbs. Tense refers to the changes that takes place in the form of the verb to indicate time. Only two tenses, namely the present and the past, can be identified.

The present tense: The only change that takes place in the form of the verb to indicate the present tense occurs when the verb agrees with a third-person singular subject.


  • Singular
  1. I sleep, wake and eat
  2. You sleep, wake and eat
  3. He sleeps, wake and eats.
  • Plural             
  1. We sleep, wake and eat
  2. You sleep, wake and eat
  3. They sleep, wake and eat

The past tense: Regular verbs form their past by adding. ‘ed’ to the simple form of the verb, while irregular verbs form their past tense in different ways.


  1. Ume worked on the farm yesterday. (regular)
  2. Ada spoke to me on the telephone (irregular)

Further Hints on How to Answer Comprehension Questions

As has been discussed previously, candidates are advised to obey the instructions to the letter. Other hints are:

  1. If you are told to give a one-word answer, do not give more than one word. Or if a question demands that you write sentences, do not write phrases or clauses.
  2. Be very conscious of the time so that you do not use more than the time allotted to this section. You should also be careful not to rush over the exercise.
  3. No information which is not required should be given. Keep your personal opinion to yourself.
  4. Never give two answers where one is demanded. This would suggest guesswork, and if one of the answers is wrong, no credit will be earned even for the correct one.
  5. Lastly, make sure that you understand what precisely the passage is about and what you are required to do.


We hope you enjoyed the class.

Should you have any further question, feel free to ask in the comment section below and trust us to respond as soon as possible.

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