Types Of Colour

Hello, welcome to today’s class!

Today we will be discussing Types of color and textures

Color is the element of art that involves light. It is produced when light waves strike an object and are reflected into our simulate consists of three properties: hue, intensity, and value. While Texture refers to the surface quality in a work of art.

We associate textures with the way that things look or feel. Everything has are types of texture. We describe things as being rough, smooth, silky, shiny, fuzzy and so on. Some things feel just as they appear; this is called real or actual texture.

Texture may be used in a work of art to:

  1. Create visual interest or a focal point in a composition
  2. To create contrast within a design composition
  3. To help visually balance a design composition

Types of Colors and Textures

Let’s start with Color

There are three different types of colors. They are;

  1. primary Color
  2. secondary Color and
  3. Tertiary Color. The term “tertiary” means third, by the way.


  1. Primary colors are red, yellow, and blue. These colors are equally distanced apart on the color wheel. There only three primary colors and they are the most basic colors on the wheel. They cannot be created by mixing any other colors together and can only be derived through natural pigments. All other colors found on the color wheel can be mixed from these three basic colors.
  2. Secondary colors are orange, green and purple (or violet). These colors are created from mixing equal parts of any two primary colors together.

Red + yellow = orange

Yellow + blue = green

Blue + red = violet (purple)

  1. Tertiary colors are red-purple, red-orange, blue-green, blue-purple, yellow-green, and yellow-orange. There are six tertiary colors and they are the result from mixing equal parts of a primary color with a secondary color. The proper way to refer to tertiary colors is by listing the primary color first and then the secondary color. That’s why tertiary colors are referred to by a two word name.

Tertiary colors examples are;

Red + violet (purple) = red-violet (red-purple)

Red + orange = red-orange

Blue + green = blue-green

Blue + violet (purple) = blue-violet (blue-purple)

Yellow + orange = yellow-orange

Yellow + green = yellow-green

Types of Texture

There are two types of textures. They are; Real and Visual textures

  1. Real texture: Real texture cannot be represented here because a computer screen, even with the highest quality photographs can only create an assumed textures. However for the purpose of providing examples assume that these images are real.

(Picture of real texture)

  1. Visual texture: Visual also known as implied texture can be simulated or invented. Simulated texture is the type that is created to look like something that is not. For example, in drawing or painting of a cat where its fur or hair is made to look like real fur or hair. Invention texture, on the other hand may look rough, smooth or any other feel but is purely made up by the artist. It does look like “real” texture.

Trust you enjoyed today’s class?

In the next class, we will be discussing Creative Use Of Colors and Textures

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