Welcome to class!
Last class, we discussed Cultural Practices – Planting Practices.
In today’s class, we will be talking about Cultural Practices – Post Planting Practices. We will be discussing activities that are carried out after the crops are planted. Enjoy the class!
These are activities that are carried out after the crops are planted or transplanted up to the time of harvesting. A good post-planting operation is an insurance against crop failure and good follow-up activities. These operations include the following:
- Thinning: This is the removal of weak, dead or excess plants/seedlings, so as to enable the better-established and healthy ones to develop properly.
- Supplying: This is the replacement of dead seedlings with other planting materials, so as not to allow the creation of unnecessary spaces.
- Mulching: This involves the use of mulch materials like dry grasses, wood shavings, straw, etc, to cover the soil surface, so as to prevent or reduce the loss of soil water by evaporation, prevent the growth of weeds, regulate soil temperature and add organic manure to the soil.
- Manuring/Fertilizer Application: Adequate supply of nutrients is required by plants for growth and increased yield. This is achieved by incorporating organic manure and inorganic fertilizers into the soil.
- Harvesting: This is the act of collecting mature crop products from the field, either for immediate consumption, processing, marketing or storage. This is done either manually by hand-picking or by use of mechanical means like simple harvesters, combined harvesters, mechanical reapers, etc. Harvesting implement includes sickle, cutlass, go-to-hell, etc.
- Staking, Weeding, Pruning/Trimming, Pests and Diseases Control: Are also aspects of post-planting operations. In staking, plants with trailing stems are supported with stakes so as to allow them to grow well, get exposed to enough sunlight, and be free from soil-pests attack, etc. Plants with weak stems are propped to provide support. During weeding, unwanted plants are removed to avoid competition with crops for food, water, light, space, etc.
In our next class, we will be talking about Agricultural Practices. We do hope you enjoyed the class?
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