Civil Society


Welcome to class! 

In today’s class, we will be talking about civil society. Enjoy the class!

Civil Society

Civil Society

Civil society is the arena outside of the family, the state and the market where people associate to advance common interests.

It is also referred to as the ‘third sector’ of society distinct from government and business organizations or the aggregate of non-governmental organizations and institutions that manifest interests and will of citizens.

Civil societies include professional associations, religious groups, labour union, citizen advocacy organizations that give voice to various sectors of society and enrich public participation in democracies.


  1. What is civil society?
  2. Give some examples of civil society.

Roles of Civil society

Civil societies are critical actors in the advancement of universal values such as human rights, the environment, labour standards and the fight against corruption.

Examples of Civil Societies or NGO’s in Nigeria
  1. Africa Youths International Development Foundation
  2. African Children Talent Discovery Foundations
  3. African Grassroots Development International
  4. African in Diaspora organization (Speed-Africa)
  5. Centre for Neighborhood Improvement Initiative.
Factors that can promote Civil societies
  1. An advanced society where citizens share a social right of access to the commonwealths of resources produced.
  2. A society where citizens can exercise their civic duty of self-governance by participating in political structures and decentralized power and authority.
  3. A community where members have the opportunity to hold positions or offices of the public decision- making.
  4. Voluntary participation of citizens in social groups, networks and social transformation.
  5. A society where citizens hold decision-making power and work to strengthen and improve the local community.
  6. A society where citizens demand social justice and the rule of law.


  1. Explain the roles of civil society in developing the country
  2. What are the sources of fund to civil societies?
General evaluation
  1. What is civil society?
  2. Give some examples of civil society.
  3. Explain the factors that can promote civil societies.
  4. State factors that can limit the application of the rule of law.
  5. Give four advantages of the rule of law.

Reading assignment

Read on Civil Societies in Fundamentals of Civic Education for Senior Secondary School by Sola Akinyemi.


  1. How can civil societies help to influence the result of a general election?
  2. Highlight two benefits of civil societies in a country such as Nigeria.


In our next class, we will be talking about Human Right.  We hope you enjoyed the class.

Should you have any further question, feel free to ask in the comment section below and trust us to respond as soon as possible.

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