Comprehension; Summarizing in a specified number of sentences. Speech Work: Homophones. Structure: Functions of comparatives. Vocabulary Development: Sports and Entertainment.

Welcome to class! 

In today’s class, we will be talking about speech work: homophones, etc. Enjoy the class!

Comprehension; Summarizing in a specified number of sentences.

Speech Work: Homophones.

Structure: Functions of comparatives.

Vocabulary Development: Sports and Entertainment.

Intonation in English - English Pronunciation Lesson - YouTube

  • Comprehension: Summarizing in a specified number of sentences

Content: Guide to summarizing in a specified number of ‘sentences’

  1. Learn to identify the main idea or argument of the passage
  2. Change the order of the material if it is to your own advantage to do so.
  3. As much as possible use your own words to answer the question
  4. The explanation in your own words must not change or distort the meaning of the passage
  5. Do not change the original writer’s facts by the wrong choice of words
  6. Answer to the summary question must be as short as possible and as clear as possible.
  7. Your answers must be written out in sentences and into phrases.
  8. Do not answer in forms of paragraph each answer must be properly numbered and must appear on a separate life
  9. Do not join two points in one sentences
  10. It’s expedient for you to know that brevity is the essence of summary writing.


Read the summary passage on pg. 29-30 of your Effective English and Answer the Summary question under it.

  • Speechwork: Intonation

Content: Simple polite requests

Simple greetings that attract a quick response

Simple polite requests

A stressed syllable is indicated with a  dash while an unstressed one is marked by a dot; a downward curve (,) shows a fall in voice, an upward  (  ) points to a rise.

A request gives a rising intonation e.g.

May I see your passport, please?

Let me come in

Come here

Get out of the room

May I sit down?

I would like to meet your friend

Could I have a look at those pictures?

Simple Greetings That Attracts Quick Response

Good morning Res- Morning

Well done

  • Functions of comparatives




Comparative is the second degree of comparison of adjectives.  In the comparative, we have the ‘er’ ending added to the plain (positive) word which means more so. E.g.

Big   bigger

The ‘est’ is the superlative which means more so than anything else.

Functions of comparative
  1. It expresses a higher degree of quality
  2. It compares two things e.g.
  • Tope is stronger than Caleb
  • Our team is more popular than yours.

Regular comparative: Adding ‘er’

Positive                                  comparative

  1. Poor                                       poorer
  2. Tall                                          taller
  3. Fat                                          fatter
  4. Big                                          bigger
  5. Short                                      shorter
  6. Cold                                       colder.

Add ‘more’

Positive                      Comparative

  1. Expensive                 more expensive
  2. Important                 more important
  3. Handsome               more handsome

Decreased degree of quality is usually shown by using less

Positive                      comparative

  1. Strong                        stronger
  2. Worthy                      less worthy
  3. Fortunate                 less fortunate

Irregular Comparative:  it changes the whole word to produce comparative and superlative forms.

Positive                      Comparative

  1. Good                        better
  2. Bad                            worse
  3. Little                            less
  4. Far                              farther.


Write the comparative of the following adjectives: much, well, many, enviable, loyal.


In our next class, we will be talking about Comprehension/Reading Skills: Identifying statutory topic, theme and key sentences of a passage; Vocabulary Development: Words associated with journalism and advertising; Structure: Antonyms as words opposite in meaning and nearly opposite in meaning; Informal Letter Writing: Explanation and Features.  We hope you enjoyed the class.

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