Back to: ENGLISH LANGUAGE SS1
Welcome to class!
In today’s class, we will be talking about the introduction to consonant sounds. Enjoy the class!
Structures: Learning about Noun Clause
Vocabulary Development: Transportation- Aviation, Rail, Road and Maritime.
Speech Work: Introduction to Consonant Sounds.
Essay Writing: More on Narrative- A story that ends with, “It Pays to be Hard-working”.
Vocabulary development- transportation
- Taxi- The process of a plane moving slowly along the ground before beginning to run forward for take-off.
- Runway: This is a wide path from which aircraft take off and on which they land.
- Tarmac: This is the surface of a road, runway at an airport. E.g. The plane was waiting on the tarmac.
- Air hostess: A young woman who looks after passengers in an aircraft.
- Flight: A journey in a plane.
- Airborne: In the air. If a plane is airborne, it is in the air.
- Radar: This is the method of showing the direction and the distance of a plane by means of radio waves.
- Touch down: A plane touches down when it lands.
- Hangar: This is where aircraft are housed
- Control tower: This is where air traffic controllers sit and direct plane traffic
- Cockpit: A compartment in which the pilot of an aeroplane sits.
- Mast: a long pole set upright on a ship to support the sail or flag.
- International waters: waters across the country’s water territory. It is called waters- not water.
- Berth: a place in the port where a ship can be moored.
- Boatyard: this is a place where boats are built or repaired or fasten by rope.
- Harbor: A place of shelter for a ship.
- Quayside: This is the side or edge of a quay.
- Ocean liner- Ship used to carry passengers and some cargo is across the ocean
- Cruise ship- This type of ship is used for adventurism
- Cabin: This is a private room in a ship
- Yacht: A boat or small ship, usually with sails, often with an engine, built and used for racing or cruising.
- Row-row ship- This is used to convey cars into the country. Such ship will be widely opened for various cars on the ship to be driven out.
- Dredging: This is the clearing or deepening the river or body of water.
- Dock: This is a platform built on the shore [wharf].
- Coast: This is the land along the sea.
- Crew: A group of people who works or operates on a ship.
- Captain: This is the commander of a ship.
- Offshore: In or on the sea, not far from the coast. The opposite of this is ‘on-shore’
- Flag: This is the flag a country mounted on a ship with which it sails.
- Anchor: This is something, usually a heavy piece of metal with points which dig into the sea-bed, used to hold a boat or a ship.
- Coach: A passenger railway train.
- Freight: Goods or cargo.
- Locomotive: Engine that goes from place to place using its own power, especially used to pull railway trains.
- Railway yard: A place where trains are parked or maintained.
- Commuter trains: These carry passengers between large cities and the surrounding suburbs.
- Freight service: This is a service which involves the transportation of goods from one place to another.
- Rail tracks: These are tracks on which a train moves.
Form ten sentences using words that are related to the aviation industry.
Structure: noun clause
A noun clause is a subordinate clause that performs the functions of a noun
As a subject of a sentence:
- What he said is bitter
- That he was insulted pained him a great deal.
As the object of a verb:
- The cook gave us what we should eat.
- He told us that he would come.
As the complement of the subject:
- Honesty is what we need.
- The important thing is that he has arrived
As the complement of a preposition:
- We call him what he likes.
As object complement:
- The prize will go to whoever wins.
Write five sentences containing noun clauses. Write the grammatical functions of each noun clause.
Introduction to consonant sounds
The 24 consonant sounds:
The consonants are sounds realized when the air that comes from the lungs is obstructed.
The 24 consonant sounds
- Voiced bilabial Nasal stop /m/ as in many, summer, bomb, damn
- Voiceless bilabial plosive/p/ the upper and lower lips are pressed together. As in picture, apple, tripper
- Voiced bilabial plosive /b/ as in baby, robber, baboon
- Voiceless labio-dental fricative /f/ as in firm, rough, physics
- Voiced labio-dental fricative/v/ as in vigour, Stephen, of, Volkswagen
- Voiceless dental fricative/ θ / as in “th” – thank, author, path,
- Voiced dental fricative /ð/ – The sound is made the same way the sound / θ / is produced “th” – than, that, gather.
- Voiced alveolar nasal stop/n/ as in new, banner, pneumonia, known, gnash
- Voiceless alveolar plosive /k/ as in “t”- two, attack, Thomas smashed, missed
- Voiced alveolar plosive /d/ as in Standard, breed, sudden
- Voiceless alveolar fricative /s/ as in Saturday, miss, grass, rice, axe science
- Voiced alveolar fricative /z/ as in zero, dizzy, please, scissors examples
- Voiced alveolar lateral /l/ as in lip, hello
- Voiceless postalveolar fricative /ʃ/ as in sure, schedule, shabby, mission, machine, precious, nation
- Voiced alveolar /r/ as in rain, carrot, write, wrinkle, rhetoric
- Voiced postalveolar fricative /Ӡ/ as in measure, treasure, pleasure, confusion, beige, Jean
- Voiceless post alveolar affricative/tʃ/ as in cello, change, question, pasture
- Voiced postalveolar affricative /dӠ/ is a voiced sound as in jug, George, ginger, gym, educate
- Voiceless palatal Approximant /j/ as in yam, hallelujah, unity, Europe
- Voiced velar nasal stop /ᵑ/ as in sing, bank, anchor, include, anxious
- Voiceless velar plosive /k/ as in cat, crack, chemical king, queue, account
- Voiced velar plosive /g/ as in goat, haggle, ghost
- Voiced labio velar /w/ as in wear, where, whistle
- Voiceless, Glottal Fricative /h/ as in hope, whole, Llanfair
Write 10 consonants sounds and give two examples for each
A narrative essay is the one that requires you to relate an event or incident as an eye-witness would. It requires imagination
Study the following short passage:
It was pitch-dark outside the bedroom. It must have been that the security light was not switched on before we went to bed. There was some movement outside one of the windows. I listened. As I got up from bed to check at the windows, a flash of light through the window dazzled my eyes. I shouted “thief” and the next thing I heard was a gunshot.
The writer is here trying to paint a picture in words. It is only by your own imagination that this picture can be made more beautiful.
Write a narrative essay that ends with “It pays to be hardworking”
Page 5-6 of Countdown by Evans
From the words lettered A to D, choose the word that has the same consonant sound as the one represented by the letter(s) underlined.
- was a. girls b. raise c. rice d. sing
- Insure a. pleasure b. cheap c. vision d. ocean
- Mixed a .pumped b. thronged c. climbed d. sponged
- Gear a. gesture b .near c. fair d. neighbour
- Drink a. strength b. dent c. snag d. enough
In our next class, we will be talking about Comprehension/ Reading Skills. More on Consonant Sounds Structure: Adjectival Phrase. Argumentative- “Patriotism Enhances the Growth of a Nation”. We hope you enjoyed the class.
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