Identification and Use of Adjectives in Sentences


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In today’s class, we will be talking about the identification and use of adjectives in sentences. Enjoy the class!

Identification and use of adjectives in sentences



An Adjective is a word that describes a noun or a pronoun.

For example:

  1. Ayo is wearing a red

In this sentence, ‘red’ is an adjective as it describes the noun ‘shirt’ by telling ‘what kind of shirt is it? (Here it is red)

  1. We have purchased a round.

In this sentence ‘round’ is an adjective as it describes the noun ‘table’ by telling ‘what kind of table is it? (Here it is round)

The Adjective – Kinds of Adjectives

There are different kinds of adjectives.

  1. Adjective of Quality:

Adjective of quality tells what kind of noun or pronoun is. It describes the characteristic of a noun or pronoun.

For example:

  1. It is a tall
  2. It was a sunny
  3. Mrs Jane is a nice
  4. Delhi is a big
  5. This book is written on a true
  6. My sister is very pretty.
  7. I am learning French


  1. Adjective of Quantity:

Adjectives of Quantity tell us how much of things. It tells us approximate amount not the exact number of a noun such as much, a little, some, any, no, most, half, all, whole, sufficient, enough, few, great etc. Adjectives of quantity are followed by singular uncountable nouns.

For example:

  1. Ayo ate the whole
  2. Children finished most of the ice cream.
  3. How much money do you need?
  4. I have enough time to complete this work.
  5. Give me a little
  6. Roy have bought some new dresses.


  1. Adjective of Number:

Adjectives of Quantity tell us how many of things. It tells us the exact number of a noun such as one, two, three, four, first, second, third etc.

For example:

  1. The first boy in the row is wearing a red hat.
  2. Five labourers are absent today.
  3. Give me one chocolate, please.
  4. I have scored hundred marks in math.
  5. Pass me one glass of water.
  6. Rita have bought ten new dresses.


  1. Demonstrative Adjective:

Adjectives of Quantity point out a particular noun or pronoun such as this, that, these, those, such, certain, Yonder, Yon, Former, Latter

For example:

  1. These flowers are very beautiful.
  2. Give me those
  3. The latter option is not so good.
  4. I hate such
  5. Certain situations are out of our control.
  6. I want to eat these


  1. Interrogative Adjective:

Interrogative Adjectives are used to ask questions about a noun or in relation to a noun such as what, which, whose, how, why etc.

For example:

  1. Whose notebook is this?
  2. Which bag is yours?
  3. Which leaves do you want to buy?
  4. What colour is your car?
  5. What did you eat at breakfast today?


Guided informal letter: meaning, format and features of informal letter

Informal Letters

Informal letters are written to close acquaintances of the writer, their friends, family, relatives, etc. Since they are written to close relations the letters have an informal and personal tone. Casual language is used while writing informal letters. And sometimes the letters may even have an emotional undertone.

Informal letters are mainly used for personal communication. So, they do not have to follow any specific pattern, format or conventions. They can be written as per the writer’s wishes and the requirement of the situation. So, the letter is written in a personal fashion in casual unassuming language.

informal letter sample

(An Example of an Informal Letter)

Format of Informal Letter

As we discussed earlier there is no set format when writing an informal letter. But there is a general pattern, some conventions that people usually follow. We will be looking at this pattern and certain tips on how to write effective and attractive informal letters. These can act as guidelines when you are drafting a letter, they are not hard and fast rules. Let us begin.

  1. Address:

The first thing to write is your address, i.e. the address of the writer. We usually write the address on the left-hand side of the page at the very top. The address should be accurate and complete. Even when writing to close friends or relatives the address must be written, so they can reply to the letter with ease. If the recipient of the letter is in another country, do not forget to write your country as well in the address.

  1. Date:

Next just below the address we write the date. This allows the reader to have a reference as to when the address was written. He can then relate better to the contents of the letter.

  1. Greeting:

Now since you know the person you are writing to; the greeting can be informal as well. If it is a friend or someone close to your age you can greet them by their first name, like “Dear Alex”. If you are writing to your relative like your mother/father/aunt/uncle etc, you may greet them as such, for example, “Dear Mom”. And if you are writing to an elder person, someone you respect greatly you can address them as Mr or Mrs Like say for example you were writing a congratulatory letter to your teacher, it can be addressed as “Dear Mrs Alex”.

  1. Introduction paragraph:

And now we begin writing the actual letter. The introductory paragraph sets the tone for the whole letter. You might begin by asking the recipient about their wellbeing. Or you may say that you hope the letter finds them in good health and great spirits. The opening of informal letters should be casual and comforting. It must not be formal and direct as in business letters.

  1. Body of the letter:

The letter overall should maintain a friendly tone. But you have to adjust the language and the wordings according to who you are writing to. With a friend, you can afford to be very casual and flippant even. But if you are writing to an elder relative, you must be extremely respectful and considerate.

One way to determine the tonality of your letter is to remember how you talk to the person in a conversation. And then apply the same syntax and sentiments to the letter.

  1. Conclusion:

In the conclusive paragraph sum up the reason for writing the letter, i.e. summarize the letter. Say a meaningful and affectionate goodbye to the reader. And do not forget to invite the reader to write back or reply to your letter. It shows an intention to keep the conversation going.

  1. Signature:

There is no one way to sign off informal letters. Since they do not follow a strict format, you may sign off as you please. Some commonly used phrases are

  • Lots of Love
  • Best,
  • Best Wishes,
  • Kind Regards,
  • Kindly,

Pick the one that best suits the occasion and then simply sign your name below the greeting.


Oral composition: descriptive and narrative

  • Description:

A description, or descriptive writing, is a statement or account that describes something or someone, listing characteristic features and significant details to provide a reader with a portrayal in words. They provide the look and feel of objects, a simultaneous whole, with as many details as you’d like.

A description of a rose might include the colour of the petals, the aroma of its perfume, where it exists in your garden, whether it is in a plain terracotta pot or a hothouse in the city.

  • Narration:

A narration, or narrative writing, is a personal account, a story that the writer tells his or her reader. It can be an account of a series of facts or events, given in order and establishing connections between the steps.

It can even be dramatic; in which case you can present each individual scene with actions and dialog.

A narration about a rose might describe how you first came across it, how it came to be in your garden, or why you went to the greenhouse that day.


  1. Narrate an interesting experience on a visit to your village.


In our next class, we will be talking about the Identification and Use of Adverbs in Sentences.  We hope you enjoyed the class.

Should you have any further question, feel free to ask in the comment section below and trust us to respond as soon as possible.

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