Back to: GEOGRAPHY SS3
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In today’s class, we will be talking about population distribution in West Africa. Enjoy the class!
Population Distribution in West Africa
Population is defined as the number of people living in an area at a particular time. The population of West Africa is not evenly distributed. Some areas are densely populated, some are moderately populated and others are sparsely populated.
- Areas of dense population: These include Lagos, Kano, Accra, Abidjan, Freetown, Monrovia, Dakar, etc
- Areas of moderate population: These include Benin, Ashanti Region, Mano River area, Ouagadougou, Niamey, Bamako, etc
- Areas of sparse population: These include upper Gambia, Middle belt of Nigeria, Northern Niger, Mali and Mauritania.
Factors responsible for the population division in West Africa
- Historical factors: Some densely populated areas like Kano have been centres of Trans-Sahara trade. This contributed to it’s high population
- Industrialization i.e. the presence of industries.
Reason for high population density
- Favourable climate
- Fertile soil
- Natural attachment / Historical factors
- Administrative Headquarters
- Employment Opportunities
- Presence of minerals
- Presence of industries
- Presence of basic social amenities
- Commercial activities
Advantages of high population density
- Large labour
- Large market
- Government attraction
- Quick dissemination of information
Disadvantages of high population density
- Pressure on natural resources
- Pressure on basic amenities
- Insufficient food
- Unemployment / Under-employment
- Traffic congesting
- Environmental pollution
- Inadequate health services
- Inadequate housing
Reasons for low population density
- Rugged relief
- Poor drainage
- Unfavourable climate
- Poor soils
- Historical factors
- Presence of some insects
- Low economic activities
Advantages of low population density
- Abundant resources
- Low crime
- Adequate planning
- A regular flow of traffic
- Low pressure on social amenities
- High standard of living
Disadvantages of low population density
- Wastage of output
- Deterioration of infrastructure
- Inadequate labour force
- Low output
- Describe the optimum population.
- What is birth rate?
- Explain three of the population concepts.
- Describe the population pattern of Nigeria.
- How can the problem of the increasing population be solved?
- Which of these areas is densely populated in West Africa (a) Niamey (b) Monrovia (c) Mali (d) Kano
- High population density is of great economic importance for the following reasons except for (a) Large labour force (b) Increase in standard of living (c) Defence (d) Togetherness
- The following factors are responsible for the growth of the population in Lagos state except for (a) Job opportunities (b) Good roads (c) Presence of unskilled labour (d) Historical factors
- These towns are all moderately populated except (a) Niamey (b) Ouagadougou (c) Bamako (d) Abidjan
- One of the greatest disadvantages of low population density is (a) Wastage of output (b) Increase in the crime rate (c) Inadequate housing (d) Traffic congestion
- Define population.
- List four factors responsible for high population density in Accra.
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