Diphthongs, Determiners and Writing Skills


Welcome to class! 

In today’s class, we will be talking about diphthongs, determiners and writing skills. Enjoy the class!

Diphthongs, Determiners and Writing Skills

DIPHTHONGS | classnotes.ng


Previously, you learned about monophthongs. I hope you still remember what monophthongs are.

If you do, then try to remember what other names we call monophthongs.

Can you remember?

If you don’t, you may want to go through the notes again so you can have a grasp of it.

Remember also that I told you that there are 20 vowel sounds in English, and we treated 12 of them which are categorized as monophthongs. Today, we will be treating the remaining 8 sounds, called diphthongs.

I also said that diphthongs have two sounds each such that one glides into another. We call them two-in-one vowels.

These are the diphthongs we have in English Sounds:

/     claim, straight, April

/ə/    cold, throat, phone

/     weary, fierce, serious

//     air, scarce, nowhere

//     mild, buy, style

//    fowl, drought, plough

/ɔ/     boy, enjoy, buoy

//    during, curious, brewer

Pronounce those words to yourself repeatedly and then look for 5 more examples for each of the sounds.


Just like the articles (do you still remember them from the previous class?), we use determiners to modify nouns in sentences. When you modify a noun with a determiner, then you have a ‘noun phrase’.

Generally, the articles (the, a, an) are also recognized as determiners in the English Language. They just have more specific names (definite and indefinite articles). But there are many other determiners used to introduce noun phrases such as many, some, this, that, these, those, another, every, both, little, less, all, more, etc. All these determiners have their specific names just like the articles. If we have ample time to treat determiners in a future class, I will tell you more about them.

Now let’s see some examples:

  1. Many boys
  2. I bought some
  3. Favour read another
  4. More girls came later.
  5. The woman cooked little rice.
  6. Those seniors are bullies.
  7. Every man to his tent.
  8. That house is ours.

Note that all the determiners (underlined) appear before nouns, while the bold items (both the determiner and the noun) are referred to as noun phrases.

Write ten other sentences like the ones above, underline the noun phrases therein and circle the determiner before each of the nouns.


In your previous class on writing skills, I mentioned three important points you should consider to be able to write well: read, capture your thoughts and write always.

Today, let’s discuss a particular point you should pay attention to when you write.

Learn to create contents relevant to your topic. Check this question for example:

Your father insists that you must study medicine at the university, but you have an entirely different course in mind. Write a letter to him explaining why you prefer this other course and why he should allow you to make your own choice.

Your letter must show every detail of this question. In fact, treat your audience as if they do not have access to the question by mentioning the first part of the question in your opening paragraph. Then, in the body of your letter, create contents that explain why you prefer another course and why your father should allow you to make your own choice.


Put what you learned today into practice by writing the letter above, making detailed use of the point you just read. If possible, show the letter to your parent or an adult to go through it and correct your mistakes for you.


In our next class, we will be talking about Consonant, Sentence and Vocabulary Development.  We hope you enjoyed the class.

Should you have any further question, feel free to ask in the comment section below and trust us to respond as soon as possible.

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