Welcome to class!
In today’s class, we will be talking about phrasal verbs. Enjoy the class!
A phrasal verb is a group of two or three words that begins with a verb and is followed by a particle. This particle can either be a preposition or an adverb. Phrasal verbs are also referred to as examples of idiomatic expressions since the meanings are not deductible from the meaning of the items that make it up. Check this out:
He run down his opponents.
The meaning of run down cannot be discovered by adding up the separate meaning of run and down. Thus, the two items have come together to produce a separate meaning different from what each item means individually, which in this sentence means, disparage.
The hint to take away from here is that, for every phrasal verb, it is possible to find a singular verb that means the same thing and could be used to replace the phrasal verb. See the following examples:
call on visit
put on wear
decide on choose
give in/up surrender
look after tend/nurse
ask for demand
come across meet
find out discover
look into investigate
take off remove
Note that the phrasal verbs above contain a verb and a particle each.
- The Constance family called on my parents last week.
- Lolade put on her best gown for the party.
Now, use the remaining verb phrases above in a sentence each.
It is also possible to have phrasal verbs with two particles. Let us consider some examples.
feel up to feel capable to do something
get on with have a good relationship
come forward with give ideas or information
watch out for to be careful because of a danger
pull out of decide not to continue
move on to to change to a different subject
catch up with get to the same level
add up to result in a total of
take out on make someone suffer because a person is angry
make up for compensate
Look up the meanings of the following phrasal verbs in your dictionary and use them in a sentence each:
Do away with
Feel up to
Get on with
Come forward with
Watch out for
Stand out from
Face up to
Lash out at
Lash out on
Lose out on
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