Floriculture

 

Welcome to Class !!

We are eager to have you join us !!

In today’s Agricultural Science class, We will be learning about Floriculture. We hope you enjoy the class!

 

floriculture-agric classnotesng

 

CONTENT

  • Meaning of floriculture
  • Importance of ornamental plants
  • Common species of ornamental plants

 

 

FLORICULTURE

Floriculture: is a discipline of horticulture that is concerned with the production and management of ornamental plants.

Ornamental plants are beautiful trees or shrubs which can be used to decorate our environments.

IMPORTANCE OF ORNAMENTAL PLANTS

  1. Sources of employment e.g. florists.
  2. Serves as a source of income.
  3. For expression of love and as a gift on special occasions.
  4. For decoration.
  5. For fencing.
  6. For medicinal preparation.
  7. Sources of food.
  8. Purification of the air.
  9. For teaching and learning purposes.
  10. Provision of shades.
  11. Serves as windbreaks.
  12. Beautification of the environment.
  13. Sources of livestock feed.
  14. Serves as tourist centres.
  15. Source of revenue to the government.
  16. For the preparation of dyes.

 

COMMON SPECIES OF ORNAMENTAL TREES, SHRUBS AND FLOWERS

A) ORNAMENTAL TREES

      1. Frangi pani
      2. Neem cassia
      3. Royal palm
      4. Balsam
      5. Flame of forest
      6. India almond
      7. Casuarinas
      8. Delonix

ornamental trees floriculture agric classnotesng

 

B) ORNAMENTAL SHRUBS

      1. Allamanda
      2. Crotons
      3. Ixora
      4. Cauliflower
      5. Acalypha
      6. Hibiscus
      7. Wild rose
      8. Bougainvillea
      9. Zinnia
      10. Dutchman’s pipe

 

C) ORNAMENTAL FLOWERS

      1. Justicia
      2. Cana lily
      3. Morning glory
      4. Crotalaria
      5. Water lettuce
      6. Lantana
      7. Sunflower
      8. Marigold
      9. Commelina
      10. Clitoria

ornamental flowers agric classnotesng

 

CULTIVATION OF ORNAMENTAL PLANTS

The cultivation of ornamental flower includes:

  1. Selection of site that is well-drained and easily accessible.
  2. Choice of planting materials which can be seeds or vegetative parts such as stems, roots, leaves (e.g. bryophylum) and stolons
  3. Methods of cultivation
        • Use of prepared bed
        • Direct sowing to the soil
        • Use of nylon bag
        • Use of pots
  1. Provision of shades
  2. Organic manuring
  3. Regular weeding
  4. Regular watering

 

EVALUATION

  • List two each of ornamental shrubs, trees and flowers
  • List three propagative material in cultivating flowers.

 

SOURCES OF PLANTING MATERIALS

The planting materials such as seeds, cut stems, leaves, stolons or rhizomes can be obtained from;

  1. Established private horticultural gardens
  2. Higher institution botanical garden
  3. Government-owned horticultural centres
  4. Private houses and offices
  5. Imported ornamental trees and flowers
  6. Resort or recreational centres

 

MAINTENANCE OF HORTICULTURAL PLANTS/FLOWERS

  1. Provision of shades
  2. Regular watering
  3. Regular weeding
  4. Fertilizer application
  5. Fencing
  6. Regular pruning

 

GENERAL EVALUATION

  1. What are ornamental plants?
  2. List five examples of ornamental flowers
  3. List five examples of ornamental shrubs
  4. List five uses of ornamental plants
  5. Explain five maintenance practice in the planting of ornamental crops.

 

READING ASSIGNMENT

Revision questions 5 and 6 in Essential Agricultural Science for Senior Secondary Schools Chapter 25, page 236

  

SECTION A

  1. What is Floriculture
  2. State four ways in which ornamental plants are beneficial to man
  3. List eight species of ornamental
  4. State five effects of deforestation on the environment

 

 

 

We have come to the end of this class. We do hope you enjoyed the class?

Should you have any further question, feel free to ask in the comment section below and trust us to respond as soon as possible.

In our next class, we will be learning about Diseases of Crops. We are very much eager to meet you there.

 

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