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In today’s Physical Health Education class, We will be discussing Sports Law. We hope you enjoy the class!
Sports law refers to a specialized practise focused on legal issues pertaining to the sports industry. As with entertainment, arts, or hospitality law, sports law generally refers more to the target industry rather than a separate body of law, though there are a few unique legal issues only faced by professional sports leagues.
Common sports law issues include labour law, contract issues, unfair competition and antitrust law, and torts.
International amateur sports can face many of the same legal issues as collegiate sports and have had a recent spate of anti-doping issues.
Often disputes between national sports organizations can become both a proxy for political issues and a flashpoint for international tensions.
Doping has also become an issue for professional sports in recent years. Player drug violations may lead to suspensions and loss of salary.
The issues even became so pointed in the early part of the 2000s that congressional hearings occurred in the US to investigate the widespread use of performance-enhancing drugs in professional sports.
Of course, some of the most famous issues related to sports law have to do with contract negotiations. Players hire agents to represent them in negotiations of multimillion-dollar player contracts, trades, promotional deals, etc.
Cities negotiate for franchise rights to have a resident team. Stadiums have a stream of commercial contracts with vendors for food and merchandise. Media companies’ contract for broadcast rights.
Obviously, there are many other types of contracts involved in sports law, as well. In fact, there are a variety of legal matters routinely faced by members of the sports industry.
In many ways, it is a general practice with a particular type of clients. Some of the listed institutions resolve legal and ethical disputes in sport:
1. Court of Arbitration for Sport (CAS):
The Court of Arbitration for Sport (CAS) is an institution independent of any sports organization which provides for services in order to facilitate the settlement of sports-related disputes through arbitration or mediation by means of procedural rules adapted to the specific needs of the sports world.
The CAS was created in 1984 and is placed under the administrative and financial authority of the International Council of Arbitration for Sport (ICAS).
2. United Kingdom Code of Ethics and Conduct for Sports Coaches:
Sports coaches are expected to conform to ethical standards in several areas: humanity, relationships, commitment, co-operation, integrity, advertising, confidentiality, abuse of privilege, safety and competence.
3. Fédération Internationale de Football Association (FIFA):
The Fédération Internationale de Football Association (FIFA) is an association governed by Swiss law founded in 1904 and based in Zurich.
It has 208 member associations and its goal, enshrined in its Statutes, is the constant improvement of football.
FIFA employs some 310 people from over 35 nations and is composed of a Congress (legislative body), Executive Committee (executive body), General Secretariat (administrative body) and committees (assisting the Executive Committee).
4. International Olympic Committee (IOC):
Acting as a catalyst for collaboration between all members of the Olympic Family, from the National Olympic Committees (NOCs), the International Sports Federations (IFs), the athletes, the Organising Committees for the Olympic Games (OCOGs), to the top partners, broadcast partners and agencies from the United Nations, the International Olympic Committee (IOC) shepherds success through a wide range of programmes and projects which bring the Olympic values to life.
5. World Anti-Doping Agency (WADA):
The World Anti-Doping Agency (WADA) is the international independent organization created in 1999 to promote, coordinate, and monitor the fight against doping in sport in all its forms.
Composed and funded equally by the sports movement and governments of the world, WADA coordinated the development and implementation of the World Anti-Doping Code (Code), the document harmonizing anti-doping policies in all sports and all countries.
6. International Paralympic Committee (IPC):
The International Paralympic Committee (IPC) is the global governing body of the Paralympic Movement.
The IPC organizes the Summer and Winter Paralympic Games and serves as the International Federation for nine (9) sports. It supervises and co-ordinates the World Championships and other competitions.
Importance of Sports Law
- Sports law ensures that players are given equal opportunities to participate in the particular field they choose.
- They ensure that players are not discriminated against due to their race, religion or size.
- Sports law ensures contracts are fulfilled.
- Sports law also protects the employment of players. Contract laws prohibit employers from freely dismissing players without due reason.
- Sports law is also tasked with ensuring that members do not cheat the system with vices such as doping or drug abuse.
We have come to the end of this class. We do hope you enjoyed the class?
Should you have any further question, feel free to ask in the comment section below and trust us to respond as soon as possible.
We have come to the end of this term and hence JSS2. It’s been a remarkable journey and we are glad that you have made it this far. For making it this far, we commend you for being resilient, you have taken charge of your education and future.
The Journey still continues though, we are moving on to JSS3. we hope to meet you there.
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