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In today’s Physical Health Education class, We will be discussing Table Tennis. We hope you enjoy the class!
Table tennis, also called (trademark) Ping-Pong, ball game similar in principle to lawn tennis and played on a flat table divided into two equal courts by a net fixed across its width at the middle with a ball and a paddle.
The game is popular all over the world. In most countries, it is very highly organized as a competitive sport, especially in Europe and Asia, particularly in China and Japan.
Interest to the spectator lies in observing the ability of one player to defeat another by well-thought-out strategy.
Slow or defensive play at one time was so dominant that, at the 1936 world championships in Prague, an hour was needed to decide a single point. Play is now restricted. If a game is unfinished 15 minutes after it has begun, the rest of that game and the remaining games of the match proceed under the Expedite System.
Thereafter, if the service and 13 following strokes of the server are returned by the receiver, the server loses the point. The service changes after each point.
Table tennis may be played with one player at each end of the table or with two players at each end who may be both men or both women or one of each.
Table tennis as well as being fully organized is also extremely popular as a recreational game and is so played in all types of sports clubs, social clubs, and game rooms, in the home, and even out-of-doors when conditions are reasonably calm.
- A competitive table tennis table should measure 2.74 m (9 ft) long, 1.525 m (5 ft) wide and be 76 cm (2 ft 6 in) high.
- The surface of a table tennis table must be the same dark colour across the court and be of a matt appearance.
- The net is 15.25 cm (6 in) high and extends 15.25 cm (6 in) past the end of the table.
- A competitive table tennis ball should bounce 23 cm high when dropped from a height of 30 cm.
- In all competitions, the playing area for a full-size table should be 8 m long by 4 m wide. This is essential to safely allow the players to chase around the table after well-placed shots.
Table Tennis Equipment and Facility
- Rubber, racket or paddle/bat
- Table tennis table
- Net and post
- The dress
Basic Skills and Techniques of Table Tennis
The skills and techniques of tennis are the following:
- The grip (Tennis grip, penholder grip)
- The serve/service (freehand, backhand, chop, side spin)
- The footwork/stance
- The stroke/drive (forehand and backhand)
- The drop short
- The smash
- The half volley
Rules and regulations
- To start a point, the server must stand at the back of the table and can serve either forehand or backhand. The ball must be thrown up either equal to or above the height of the net before striking the ball and the ball must be thrown from an open palm to stop finger spin.
- If the ball hits the net on serve but continues over the other side, then a ‘let’ is played.
- Players are allowed to hit the ball around the side of the net.
- The ball must bounce on a player’s side of the table before playing their shot.
- During play, competitors are not allowed to touch the table with their non-bat hand. If they do, the point is conceded.
- Players must swap ends at the end of a game, and in the final match, players will switch ends after five points.
- The service must start with the ball in an open palm. This stops you from throwing it up with spin.
- The ball must be thrown vertically, at least 16 cm. This stops you from serving straight out of your hand and surprising your opponent.
- The ball must be above and behind the table throughout the serve. This stops you getting any silly angles and gives your opponent a fair chance at returning.
- After throwing the ball, the server must get their free arm and hand out of the way. This is to allow the receiver to see the ball.
General match play
- You have two serves before it is your opponent’s turn to serve twice. This used to be five serves each but since changing to 11 it’s now just two.
- At 10-10 it’s deuce. You get one serve each and must win by two clear points. This is sudden death or table tennis’ equivalent of a tie break.
- If you are playing a best of 3, 5 or 7 (as opposed to just one set) you have to change ends after each game. This makes sure both players experience conditions on both sides of the table. You also change ends when the first player reaches five points in the final game of a match.
A let is called if:
- An otherwise good serve touches the net. This ensures your opponent has a chance at making a return.
- The receiver isn’t ready (and doesn’t try to hit the ball). This is just common sense really!
- If play is disturbed by something outside of the players’ control. This allows you to replay the point if your cat jumps onto the table, etc.
A point is lost if:
- The service is missed.
- The service is not returned.
- A shot goes into the net.
- A shot goes off the table without touching the court.
- A player moves the table, touches the net or touches the table with their free hand during play.
We have come to the end of this class. We do hope you enjoyed the class?
Should you have any further question, feel free to ask in the comment section below and trust us to respond as soon as possible.
In our next class, we will be talking about Tennis. We are very much eager to meet you there.
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