Back to: GEOGRAPHY SS2
Welcome to class!
In today’s class, we will be talking about Africa: climate and vegetation. Enjoy the class!
Africa: Climate and Vegetation
CLIMATE IN AFRICA
Climate is the atmospheric condition of a place over a long period of time.
Factors affecting the climate of Africa are:
- Distance from the sea or ocean
- Ocean currents
- Planetary winds and pressure belts
- Slope and aspect
- Cloud cover
TYPES OF CLIMATE IN AFRICA
- The Equatorial Hot Climate: This is found in the Zaire Basin of Central Africa and the coast of West Africa (except Ghana).
- The Tropical Continental (Sudan) Climate: It is found in West Africa and curves southwards into East Africa and Southern Africa.
- The Mediterranean Climate: It is found in the horns or tips of Africa in the South-Western part of South Africa (Cape Town) and the North-Western part of Africa (Morroco, Algeria and Tunisia).
- The Hot Desert Climate
- The Warm Temperate Eastern Margin
- The Temperate Continental (Steppe) Climate
- Define climate.
- State the elements of climate.
- Mention the types of climate in Africa.
VEGETATION OF AFRICA
The vegetation of Africa include the following
- Tropical rain forest
- Tropical savanna(grassland)
- The Mediterranean vegetation
- Desert vegetation
- Temperate grassland
- Montane vegetation
- What is climate?
- Mention four elements of climate.
- Mention the vegetation types in Africa.
- State the features of the tropical rain forest.
- Mention three features of grassland vegetation.
In our next class, we will be talking about Lumbering in Equatorial Africa (Zaire and Nigeria). We hope you enjoyed the class.
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