Welcome to class!
In today’s class, we will be talking about coordinate geometry of a straight line. Enjoy the class!
Coordinate Geometry of a Straight Line II
Gradient and intercepts of a line
All straight lines have a general equation of the form, where m is the gradient and c is the intercept on the vertical axis.
The gradient (m) of a line is a measure of its slope or steepness. It is defined as a ratio of its vertical displacement, to its horizontal displacement.
Gradient of parallel lines:
Parallel lines have the same slope and so must have the same gradient. That is, lines that have the same gradients are parallel. We can use this fact to prove that any two straight lines are parallel or not.
m1 = m2
Gradient of perpendicular lines:
The product of the gradients of perpendicular lines is equal to −1. If the product of the gradients of any two lines is −1, then the lines are perpendicular to each other. We can use this fact to prove that and two straight lines are perpendicular or not.
The angle between two intersecting straight lines
The angle between two intersecting straight lines means the measure of the acute angle between the lines.
The angle θ between the lines having slope m1 and m2 is given by
In our next class, we will be talking about Differentiation of algebraic functions. We hope you enjoyed the class.
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