Factor Of Production


Welcome to class!

In today’s class, we will be talking about the Factors of Production. Enjoy the class!

Factor Of Production


factors of production classnotes.ng

What is the factor of production?

Factors of Production can be defined as the basic resources or agents used for producing goods and services. Factors of production make it possible for goods to be produced in the required quantity and quality.

The factors of production are land, labour, capital and entrepreneur.


The land is a gift of nature; it refers to the resources provided by nature to aid the production of goods and services. Examples of land are rivers, farmlands, seas, the fishes in them, forestry minerals such as coal, crude oil, iron etc. Others are the climatic conditions like rain, sunshine, animals etc.

Features of land

The following points below are the characteristics of a land;

  • Land is immobile i.e. the location of land cannot be changed; it is fixed.
  • The value of land varies from one location to another.
  • It is a gift of nature.
  • The supply of land is limited.
  • The reward for land is rent

Labour is the mental or physical efforts of man, which is directed towards the production of goods and services. Examples of labour are the work of farmers, carpenters, teachers, police officers etc.

factors of production classnotes.ng

Characteristics of labour
  • Labour is mobile i.e. can move from one location to another
  • Labour controls other factors of production.
  • It requires motivation.
  • Labour is not fixed.
  • Labour is a human factor

Capital is defined as the man-made assets used in production. It is the man-made wealth used in the production of goods. The reward of capital is “interest”.

factors of production classnotes.ng

Characteristics of capital
  • Capital is man-made.
  • It is durable.
  • Capital exists in different forms
  • It promotes division of labour
  • Capital exists in different forms

The entrepreneur is the person who combines the all other factors of production. He coordinates and directs the factors of production to produce goods and services.

Characteristics of an entrepreneur
  • The entrepreneur takes the risk in a business.
  • He coordinates and manages all the other factors of production.
  • The entrepreneur decides for the organization.
  • Provides the capital.
  • The reward for an entrepreneur is “profit”


In our next class, we will be talking about Occupation. We hope you enjoyed the class.

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