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In today’s class, we will be talking about the independence constitution of 1960. Enjoy the class!
Independence Constitution of 1960
MAIN FEATURES AND PROVISIONS OF INDEPENDENCE CONSTITUTION OF 1960
- The constitution retained the federal structure initially adopted by the Lyttleton’s Constitution of 1954.
- Governors-General became Ceremonial Head of State for the Queen of England.
- It adopted the parliamentary system of government in Nigeria.
- There was a bicameral legislature for the federal and regional House of Assemblies.
- Executive power was granted to the prime minister and premiers.
- The senate was given power over money and other bills.
- Dual government powers existed at the federal and regional government.
- The constitution embodied Fundamental Human Rights of citizens.
- It adopted a right approach to constitutional amendments.
- Federal legislatures had power to make laws during period of emergency.
- Provisions for Nigerian citizenship were copiously detailed in the constitution.
- The process for appointing Supreme Court and high court judges through the advice of the judicial service commission.
ADVANTAGES OR ACHIEVEMENTS OF INDEPENDENCE CONSTITUTION
- The attainment of nationalistic struggle was crowned with the independence constitution.
- It was the greatest definition of the demise of colonialism which began in the late 19th century in Nigeria.
- Nigeria became a sovereign state and was free to aspire to have international recognition by joining UNO, Commonwealth.
- Nigeria joined other nations to seek trade relations and boost Nigeria’s foreign trade and improved living standard.
- Attainment of independence meant increase in employment in the civil service and other sector of the economy.
- The creation of the public service commission by Nigerians.
- Establishment of bicameral in our legislative system at the federal and regional government levels.
- Introduction of accountability in the utilization of Nigeria revenue through the ministry of finance by the activity of the department.
DISADVANTAGES AND WEAKNESSES OF INDEPENDENCE OF 1960
- It still retained the Queen of England as the titular or ceremonial head of state represented by the Governor-General.
- The privy council in Britain was the highest court of appeal for Nigeria.
- Members of the Senate were not directly elected but appointed by regional government.
- It failed to clearly state the process and position for creation of states, the creation of mid-west was attended by many political tensions.
- It was a foreign designed constitution supervised by the retreating British colonialist.
- Highlight the features of the 1960 Independence constitution.
- State 5 contributions of the independence constitution of 1960.
- Mention the names of Nigeria leaders before 1960s.
- Discuss the features of the Igbo pre-colonial political system.
In our next class, we will be talking about the Republican Constitution of 1963. We hope you enjoyed the class.
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