National Symbols

Welcome to class, I hope you enjoyed the last class. Today we will be talking about national symbols. Follow me closely and you will understand what we are about to talk about.


National symbols are things that represent å country. The symbols usually have certain characteristics which are recognized as representing something of importance in the country. Symbols can be people, leaders or public property.


Nigerian National Symbols

Nigeria has å number of symbols through which people can easily identify Nigeria, Nigerians and matters that have to do with Nigeria.

These include the following symbols:

  • The National Flag: The Nigerian Flag is one of the central Nigerian national symbols that represent the country. The Nigerian flag was designed by Mr Michael Taiwo Akinkunmi during a National Flag Design competition in 1959 and was officially hoisted on October 1, 1960 being Nigeria’s Independence Day. The flag is a horizontal bi-colour of green and white. The two green stripes on the Nigerian flag represent Nigeria’s agricultural wealth, while the white strip on the Flag represents peace and the collective national wealth and prosperity of the country.
  • The National Coat of Arms: The Nigerian coat of arms was officially adopted in May 1960. Every item found on the coat of arms has a special meaning in Nigeria’s history. It has a black shield with two white lines that form in a “Y” shape. The black shield represents Nigeria’s fertile soil, while the two horses or chargers on each side represent dignity. The eagle represents strength, while the green and white bands on the top of the shield represent the rich soil. The coat of Arms carries the Nigerian motto “Unity and Faith, Peace and Progress”

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