Right And Duties Of A Citizen 

Welcome to class, I hope you enjoyed the last class. Today we will be talking about the right and duties of a citizen. Follow me closely and you will understand what we are about to talk about.

Rights could be defined as what citizens of a country deserve or the privileges they are entitled to because they belong to the country. Every citizen has certain rights which are usually stated in the constitution of the country.

Rights may be defined as certain privileges that every citizen enjoys in a country, irrespective of sex, tribe, and creed. These rights remain privileges only as long as the state recognizes and protects them.

These rights are generally known as fundamental human rights. Rights are the benefits given by government to her citizens to enjoy.


Examples of Rights of Citizens                                                           

  • Right to life.
  • Right to dignity of human person.
  • Right to personal freedom.
  • Right to privacy.
  • Right to freedom of thoughts, conscience and religion.
  • Right to freedom of expression.
  • Right to freedom of association.
  • Right to fair hearing and equality under the law.
  • Right to education.
  • Right to movement and habitation.
  • Right to freedom from torture, inhuman or degrading punishment.
  • Right to vote and be voted for.



Taking a critical look at the word ‘Duty’ – We mean those things a citizen is expected to do for the up-keep of the government and for the state to continue to perform its functions to the citizen. Put simply, duties are the obligations and actions which are expected from citizens in return for the rights they enjoy. Duties refer to the basic things that the constitution tells the citizens to do from time to time.

Obligations are the citizen’s moral considerations in the discharge of their civil actions to make government more efficient. While duties have legal backings, obligations have moral backings.



Some of these duties and obligations include:                                         

  • Obeying the law
  • Loyalty to the country.
  • Respect for the national symbols.
  • Defence of the country.
  • Payment of taxes, rates and duties
  • Obedience to law
  • Voting at elections
  • Respect for constituted authorities
  • Detection and prevention of crimes
  • Respecting the rights of another individual
  • Enlistment
  • Respect for National symbols
  • National service

we have come to the end of today’s class. If you have any question ask using the comment. Thank you for following me.

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