Meaning and Types of Computer Virus



Welcome to class!

In today’s class, we’re going to be talking about the meaning and types of computer viruses. I trust you will enjoy the class!

Meaning and Types of Computer Virus

Meaning and Types of Computer Virus

Imagine a program that secretly infects your computer, replicating itself and causing havoc in its wake. That’s the dark world of computer viruses, malicious software designed to disrupt, damage, or steal information. Understanding these digital threats is crucial in today’s tech-driven world, so let’s delve into their meaning and diverse forms.

What is a Computer Virus?

Think of a virus like a microscopic invader for your computer. It attaches itself to legitimate programs, replicating its code and spreading the infection. This can lead to anything from annoying pop-ups to complete system crashes and data loss. 

Key characteristics of a virus:Meaning and Types of Computer Virus

Self-replication: They can create copies of themselves, infecting other programs and spreading like wildfire.

Executable code: They need to be triggered to run, often through opening infected files or clicking malicious links.

Harmful intent: Their purpose is to cause damage, steal data, or disrupt computer operations.

Now, let’s unveil the different types of these digital villains:

  1. File Infectors: These classic villains directly attach themselves to executable files (.exe, .com), spreading when you run those programs. Think of them as hitchhikers on a digital highway.
  1. Macro Viruses: Lurking in documents like Word or Excel, these viruses exploit built-in features (macros) to wreak havoc. Imagine a seemingly harmless document suddenly unleashing chaos!
  1. Boot Sector Viruses: Targeting the core of your system, these viruses (remember floppy disks?) infect the part that tells your computer how to start up. Imagine your car engine being tampered with before you even turn the key!
  1. Polymorphic Viruses: These viruses constantly change their code, making them difficult for antivirus software to detect. Think of them as chameleons blending into the digital landscape.
  1. Resident Viruses: Taking root in your computer’s memory, these persistent pests continuously infect new programs as they’re opened. Imagine a sneaky houseguest multiplying their messes every time you open a door!
  1. Browser Hijackers: These meddlers alter your browser settings, redirecting you to unwanted websites or bombarding you with ads. Think of them as mischievous detour signs on your digital journey.
  1. Ransomware: This nasty breed encrypts your files, holding them hostage until you pay a ransom. Imagine all your precious photos and documents locked away, demanding a hefty price for their release!

Remember: While this isn’t an exhaustive list, it equips you with the knowledge to recognize and avoid these digital threats. Always practice safe computing habits:

  • Install a reputable antivirus and keep it updated.
  • Be cautious with email attachments and suspicious links.
  • Download software only from trusted sources.
  • Back up your data regularly.

By understanding these malicious programs and practicing safe habits, you can keep your digital world safe and sound. Stay vigilant, and happy surfing!

We have come to the end of today’s class. I hope you enjoyed the class!

In the next class, we shall be discussing the sources and examples of computer viruses. 

In case you require further assistance or have any questions, feel free to ask in the comment section below, and trust us to respond as soon as possible. Cheers!

Question Time:

  1. How does a computer virus differ from other types of malware like worms or trojan horses?
  2. Do you think viruses infect a smartphone or tablet, and if so, how are they similar or different to computer viruses?
  3. What are some historical examples of famous computer viruses, and what were their impacts?
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