Cleaning various Surfaces in the Home

Hey guys!

We will be learning one of the ways to help Mum with house chores. Come with me.



Surfaces are outside look of furniture and fixture in the home. They are made of different things- mud, wood, cement, glass or metal, etc.

Types of Surface in the Home

  • Mud surface
  • Cement surface
  • Wooden surface e.g. table
  • Work surface e.g. wooden table
  • Window surface e.g. glass louvres
  • Door surface e.g. iron door
  • Floors e.g. terrazzo, marble, floor, tiles

Reason of Cleaning Surface in the Home

  • It makes surface to shine and look neat
  • Make the surface last long.
  • Prevents household pests and germs.
  • Make people in the house feel comfortable and sleep peacefully.
  • It prevents dust and dirt from settling on them


Mud surface: it is a traditional finishing in Nigeria and Africa.


  • Cheaper than the other floor finishes
  • It is cool, therefore good for hot weather


It is not hard wearing

It is not durable

It is not good for certain functional areas in the home e.g. Bathroom



Daily cleaning: Sprinkle water lightly on the floor as well as sweep with a soft broom

Weekly cleaning

  • Sweep the floor
  • Rub with wet soft rib of banana or plantain stem
  • Rub gently


Concrete Floor: is common, it is made up of mixture of cement, sand, gravel and water. It is strong and durable.


  • It is strong and hard wearing
  • It does not wear out easily
  • Good for every areas in the house
  • Easy to clean and wash


  • It is more expensive than mud surface
  • It can become slippery


Daily care: Sprinkle water lightly to keep dust as well as sweep with broom or brush


  • Sweep the floor
  • Scrub with warm soapy water using scrubbing brush
  • Wipe off dirty water
  • Rinse with clean cloth, wrung out in clean water then mob dry


  1. State two types of surfaces you know.
  2. List one advantage and one disadvantage of the surfaces mentioned.
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