Back to: MATHEMATICS JSS 2
Welcome to Class !!
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In today’s Mathematics class, We will be discussing Data Presentation. We hope you enjoy the class!
CONTENT:
1. Definition
 Method of collecting data
 Classification of data
DEFINITION
 Statistics: is the branch of the study of data. It involves Gathering (i.e. collecting) data, sorting and tabulating data and presenting data visually by means of diagrams.
 Data: (SINGULAR DATUM) means information which is usually given in a meaningful form. Data may be categorized into quantitative and qualitative

 Quantitative data: a numerical data, which is usually given in the form of a number or measurement is called quantitative data e.g. the number of cars, height, and number of towns etc. quantitative data is either discrete or continuous.



 Discrete data: are data which can be obtained by counting (not by measurement). Discrete data can only exact values such as whole numbers. E.g. 2 boys, 3 houses etc. hence discrete data have definite or exact values
 Continuous Data: are data that can be obtained by measurement (not by counting). Continuous data can take any values within a given range. E.g. height 1.6cm, height 40.56cm etc.



 Qualitative Data: this is a nonnumerical value which is concerned with qualities such as names, places, colour, taste, opinions, brightness etc.
Evaluation
Explain briefly with an example (i) Discrete data (ii) Continuous data
METHOD OF COLLECTING DATA
There are two discrete ways of collecting data. These are (a) by carrying out an experiment (b) by survey
 By Carrying out Experiments: Data can be obtained from experimental work carried out in the laboratories by students or scientist, for example, various measurements, such as temperature, pressure, weight and height of an object can be obtained by setting up experiments.
 By Survey: This collection of information or data on a subject. A survey may be carried out by using the existing published data, making observation and asking questions.


 Using existing published data: Existing data may be obtained from libraries, schools, newspaper, and government’s publications such as annual abstract of statistics, stake statistics, employment gazettes, books journals and other publications.
 Making Observation: This method involves collecting data by observation e.g. you can do a traffic survey by counting and recording the various types of vehicles that ply a particular road.
 Asking questions: You can ask other people questions to obtain their views or vital information in two ways: i. by interviewing them ii. By giving those questionnaires to fill in their response.

 By Interviewing: This involves asking other people questions in order to obtain vital information or strict pattern or information, in which the questions asked only general formal but the order or the way the questions are presented can vary. It must be noted that the interviewers must avoid bias, misleading ambiguous and offensive questions.
 Questionnaires: This is the most popular method of collecting data. Questionnaires are a list of questions designed to obtain or discover particular information in a survey. In questionnaires, everyone is asked the same questions. The questionnaires may be given directly to an individual or sent to them by post to fill in their response. The main advantage of postal questionnaires is that it can be sent to many people in other towns or cities.


Evaluation
Mention two major ways that data can be collected.
Reading Assignment
Essential mathematics for JSS 2 by AJS Oluwasanmi pages 180 – 182
CLASSIFICATION OF DATA
Data can be obtained either by direct collection from respondents or form a data bank of a data collection agency. Data collected directly from information’s are called
 Primary Data: are those from data banks are called secondary data.
 Secondary Data: these are obtained from data collection agencies, engaged in routine data collection for research and planning some of these agencies include:

 Federal Office of Statistics (FOS) Principal agency
 Central Bank of Nigeria
 Statistics units of Ministries/Parastatals
 Commercial Companies/ Industries.

GENERAL EVALUATION
 Name two broad ways of classification of data
 Mention two agencies we can collect secondary data
REVISION QUESTION
Michael obtained the following scores in a Basic Technology examination:
65, 72, 58, 82, 74, 64, 78, 70, 80, 75, 68
Arrange these scores:
 In ascending order
 In descending order
READING ASSIGNMENT
Essential Mathematics for JSS 2 by AJS Oluwasanmi chapter 23 pages 298–302.
Exercise 23.2 No 2&3 page 300
WEEKEND ASSIGNMENT
 Which one of the following is a discrete data A. 1.25 B. C. D. 5
 Data that is written in radius order is called A. qualitative data B. raw data C. quantitative data D. discrete data E. continuous data
 Which of the following can most questionnaires be? A. simple B. misleading C. ambiguous D. irreverent E. offensive
 We can represent data by _____________ A. line B. dist C. number D. picture E. double lines
 Statistics deals majorly on ___________ A. building B. dancing C. data D. fish E. animals
THEORY
 Mention 3 things you must avoid when designing a questionnaires
 In carrying out a survey, mention two ways, you can obtain information from people.
We have come to the end of this class. We do hope you enjoyed the class?
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In our next class, we will continue our discussion on Statistics. We are very much eager to meet you there.
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