Identification of Active& Passive Sentences et al.

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Welcome to class!




An idea can be expressed in two voices: active voice and passive voice. This is depending upon whether emphasis is to be placed on the doer of the action, i.e. the subject or the sufferer of the action, i.e. the object.


Look at these sentences:


Children like chocolates.

Chocolates are liked by children.


In the first sentence, the subject Children is the doer of the action so this sentence is in the Active Voice. On the other hand, in the second sentence, Chocolate, the subject is the receiver of the action.  The second sentence is in the Passive Voice.

Note that it is the VERB in the sentence that determines if a sentence is in the active or passive voice. Therefore, the change in the form of the verb showing whether the subject acts or is acted upon is called the Voice.

A verb is said to be in the Active Voice when the Subject(person/thing) acts or is active. A verb is said to be in the Passive Voice when the Subject(person/thing) suffers the action one by someone or something.

More Examples:

She was writing a story.

The story was being written by her.

Will the postman deliver the letters?

Will the letter be delivered by the postman?






A Diphthong is a vowel made by pronouncing two single vowels quickly one after the other. They are also called Gliding Vowels because there is a movement from one vowel to another.

We have eight diphthongs in English Language. We will be looking at four of them today.

/ei/… take, make, cake, shake, shape,


/ai/… high, fry, tie, try, buy, tired


/ i/… boy, toy, foil, Troy, spoil


/ u/… go, toe, blow, goat.



Now let us try them with sentences.


Take this money and buy some goat meat.

Troy has ten toes.

Tell the boy to go out.







“The goal of the Olympic Movement is to contribute to building a peaceful and better world by educating youth through sport practised without discrimination of any kind.”


For most sportsmen and sportswomen, winning a medal at the Olympic Games is the pinnacle of success. Athletes return to their home country to national celebration and a hero’s welcome. They are the pride of their people and gain international fame.

FAST! – Eric Henry Liddell.


Liddell was born on the 16th January 1902. His parents worked in China. He went away to boarding school in England, and in 1920, he went to the University of Edinburgh in Scotland to study Science.

While at university, Eric became an exceptional rugby player and runner. He was conscious that he did not have enough time to give to both sports and his studies, so he chose running. His aim was to compete at the 1924 Olympic Games in Paris.

He trained hard and was picked for the British Olympic team. He won the gold medal in the 400 metres.

FASTER!!- Jessie Owens


Owens was born in 1913 in Alabama, USA, the youngest of seven children. His family was poor and he had to work at various part-time jobs to pay for his education at Ohio State University.

Owen was ambitious. He was picked for the USA athletics team and gained four gold medals at the Berlin Olympics in 1936. The medals were for the 100 metres, the long jump, the 200 metres and the 4 x 100 metres relay race.

FASTEST!!!- Usain Bolt


After he had outrun all the other sprinters in the 2008 Olympic Games in Beijing, Usain Bolt, the fastest man in the world, became known as ‘Lightning Bolt.’

He was born in August 1986, in the small town of Trelawny, Jamaica, where his parents ran a grocery store. He spent much of his childhood playing football and cricket with his brother. He attended Waldensia Primary School and by the age of twelve was the school’s fastest runner of the 100 metres.

In 2008, he was a member of the Jamaica Olympics team and competed in the 100 and 200 metres, winning gold medals in both events. At the 2012 Olympics in London, he ran the 100 metres in an Olympic record time of 9.63 seconds. He also won gold medals for the 200 metres and the relay race. In the Olympic Games in Rio 2016, he won three gold medals once again.



Answer the following questions by showing if each sentence is true or false.

  1. Eric Liddell was born in 1902.
  2. Jessie Owens was born in the small town of Trelawney.
  3. Usain Bolt was his school’s fastest runner of the 200 metres.
  4. Liddell was a very good football player.
  5. The 1924 Olympic Games were held in Paris.



Let us learn the meaning of some words and phrases.


Discrimination… The practice of treating one person or group less fairly or less well than other people or groups.


Pinnacle… The highest point of someone’s career or success.


Exceptional… This word describes someone or something that a particular quality, usually good quality, to an unusually high degree.


Conscious… To notice or realize that it is happening, to be aware of something.


Various… Several different things of the type of something.


Contribute to… To be one of the causes of something or to say/do things to help make something successful.


A hero’s welcome… A joyful reception given to a person or a group of people for doing something good that people admire.


Ambitious… To have a strong desire to be successful, rich or powerful.


Record time… The fastest time recorded or very quickly.




Make a sentence with each of the new words and phrases. Let me make a sentence with the first word.


Discrimination… Discrimination is one of the worst things a human can face.




Today, we are writing a letter to invite someone to a wedding.

45 Cross Crescent,


20th July, 1976.

13 Peace Estate,



Dear Mr. and Mrs. Washington,


As the parents of the bride, I would like to take this opportunity to invite you to the wedding of our daughter, Eunice-Bello to her fiancé Joshua. On this joyous occasion, we wish to share the day with our closest friends and family members.

The formal event will be located at the First Baptist Church, Glory Crescent, Accra on the thirteenth of September at 10am.

Please get back to us before mid-August to ensure attendance.

We hope to see you there to enjoy this special day with friends and family.

Yours sincerely,


Mr. &Mrs. Kwame





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