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In today’s Physical and Health Education class, we will be learning about Drugs in Sports
Drugs in Sports
To compete in modern professional sport, to win gold or to hold a trophy high as the flag is raised and the national anthem played is the dream of many.
Drug abuse occurs in all sports and at most levels of competition. Athletic life may lead to drug abuse for a number of reasons, including for performance enhancement, to self-treat otherwise untreated mental illness, and to deal with stressors, such as pressure to perform, injuries, physical pain, and retirement from sport.
Doping, defined as use of drugs or other substances for performance enhancement, has become an important topic in virtually every sport.
Some of the dangers involved in abusing drugs in sports include the following:
- Weight Loss.
- Dependence and addiction.
- Increased heart rate and blood pressure.
- Increased risk of stroke, heart attack, and cardiac arrhythmia.
Modern sport is plagued by suspicions that many top athletes resort to drug-taking—doping—to enhance their performance, but this is not a new phenomenon. Its origins can be traced as far back as the ancient Olympics, where competitors would drink ‘magic’ potions or eat special foods to gain an edge over their rivals. The desire to win, motivated by economic incentives such as prizes and large sponsorship deals, or social pressures such as national gold medal expectations, ensures there is a constant market for drugs that will improve performance.
The most common stimulants detected in anti-doping tests include amphetamines, cocaine, ecstasy and methylphenidate (Ritalin).
Stimulants are drugs that directly affect the central nervous system. They work to speed up parts of the brain and body, increasing the heart rate, blood pressure, metabolism and body temperature of the user. They are used by athletes to reduce tiredness and fatigue, and to increase alertness, competitiveness and aggressiveness.
Explain what you understand by Drugs in Sports.
Give five reasons why athletes abuse drugs.
Identify six dangers associated with Drugs in Sports.
We hope you enjoyed today’s class. In our next class, we will be learning about
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