Grammar: Statements/ Tag Questions and Responses,  Speech Work: Consonant Clusters


Welcome to class! 

In today’s class, we will be talking about consonant clusters, etc. Enjoy the class!



CONTENT:  Consonant cluster is the coming together of more than one consonant sound in a word.

Consonant Clusters in Initial Positions

  • splash
  • fry
  • drive
  • plant
  • scare
  • cloud

Consonant Clusters in Medial Positions

  • hindrance
  • biblical
  • matriculate
  • oblation
  • retrench

Consonant Clusters in Final Positions

  • neglect
  • malt
  • diamonds
  • engulf
  • humble

EVALUATION:  Give five words each of consonant clusters in medial, initial and final positions




Words Associated with Teaching

  • educators
  • board
  • marker
  • students
  • school fees
  • discipline
  • assignment

EVALUATION:  Give more words in relation to the teaching field


Narrative Essay


An Accident I witnessed

The road in front of my school is a narrow one. It is also very busy. Every afternoon when school is dismissed, the road becomes almost impassable as children, bicycles, cars and buses jostle and struggle to use it. Sometimes, a policeman is there to help things out, but generally, chaos reigns and we have to be careful not to get involved in an accident.

A few accidents had already occurred. I was a witness to one. It happened just after school. As usual the road was an utter madhouse. Children were running across the road to get to their cars and buses. Cars and buses honked angrily at them. Just then I saw a young boy dash across the road. There was a blare of a horn, a squeal of brakes and I saw a car knock into the boy. He fell as though his feet were swept from under him.

Fortunately, the car was not moving very fast and the driver managed to stop the car before a wheel could run over the fallen boy. All traffic stopped. I ran over to the boy and saw blood on the road. He was bleeding from a cut on his head. A man came and examined the boy. Then he lifted the boy and carried him to a car. They sped off, presumably to the hospital.

Many people surrounded the driver who looked dazed and bewildered. A policeman came to calm things down. As there was nothing I could do, I turned and walked down the road carefully. It was terrible to witness an accident. I certainly would not like to be involved in one.


WORD MEANING: jostle — to knock or push roughly against someone in order to move past them

Dazed — very confused, unable to think clearly

EVALUATION:  Study the article above, then write an article on the same topic.



CONTENT:  Recommended Drama Text

EVALUATION:  Use the recommended text on NECO drama




You speak English, don’t you?

A tag question is a special construction in English. It is a statement followed by a mini-question. We use tag questions to ask for confirmation. They mean something like: “Is that right?” or “Do you agree?” They are very common in English.

The basic structure of a tag question is:

  • Positive statement = negative tag

Snow is white, isn’t it?

  • Negative statement = positive tag

You don’t like me, do you?

Notice that the tag repeats the auxiliary verb (or the main verb when being) from the statement and changes it to negative or positive.

Positive Statement Tag Questions

Look at these examples with positive statements. You will see that most of the time, the auxiliary verb from the positive statement is repeated in the tag and changed to negative.

  1. You are coming, aren’t you?
  2. We have finished, haven’t you?
  3. You do like coffee, don’t you?
  4. You like coffee, don’t you?
  5. I can come, can’t I?
  6. He should try harder, shouldn’t he?
  7. You are English, aren’t you?
  8. John was there, wasn’t he?


The use of ‘do’ in the two coffee questions. Remember that in Present Simple, do is optional in positive statements (You like coffee/You do like coffee). But the ‘do’ must appear in the tag. The same applies to Past Simple did.

In the last two questions, no auxiliary for the main verb is in Present Simple and Past Simple. The tag repeats the main verb.


Negative Statement Tag Questions

Look at these examples with negative statements. Notice that the negative verb in the original statement is changed to positive in the tag.

Negative Statement


  1. It isn’t raining, is it?
  2. We have never seen that, have you?
  3. You don’t like coffee, do you?
  4. They will not help, will they?
  5. They won’t report us, will they?
  6. I can never do it. Can I?
  7. We mustn’t tell her, must we?
  8. He shouldn’t drive so, should he?
  9. You won’t be late, will you?
  10. You aren’t English, are you?


“Won’t” is the contracted form of will not

The tag repeats the auxiliary verb, not the main verb. Except, of course, for the verb be in Present Simple and Past Simple.

Answering Tag Questions

How do we answer a tag question? Often, we just say Yes or No . Sometimes we may repeat the tag and reverse it (They don’t live here, do they? Yes, they do ). Be very careful about answering tag questions. In some languages, an opposite system of answering is used, and non-native English speakers sometimes answer in the wrong way. This can lead to a lot of confusion!


  1. Make five statements, put the tag question and answer before them.
  2. Write the correct tag question and responses for the following statements.
    1. I can never do it.
    2. We mustn’t tell her.
    3. He shouldn’t drive so.
    4. You won’t be late.
    5. You aren’t English.


  1. Make ten statements, put the tag question and answer before them.


Write on the narrative title:  A FIGHT IN MY CLASS


In our next class, we will be talking about Speech Work: Consonants (cont.),  Grammar: Differences between Polar and Tag Questions.  We hope you enjoyed the class.

Should you have any further question, feel free to ask in the comment section below and trust us to respond as soon as possible.

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