Speech Work: Contrast /u:/, /u/,  Grammar: Tenses- Present Tense

 

Welcome to class! 

In today’s class, we will be talking about speech work: contrast /u:/, /u/, etc. Enjoy the class!

SPEECH WORK

WORD CONTRAST /u/, /u: /

CONTENT:

A vowel sound is made with a free flow of air through the mouth without any obstruction either by the tongue or the lips.

Word Contrast

/u/                                                   /u:/     

look                                        Luke

full                                          fool

pull                                         pool

could                                      cooled

EVALUATION: Give ten more examples on the pair.

 

TENSES

Tenses-english classnotesng

CONTENT:

Tenses occur only in verbs. Although it is usual to talk about the past, present and other tenses, it refers to the change that takes place in the form of the verb to indicate time.

  • THE SIMPLE PRESENT TENSE:

It is used to express habitual truth, eternal truth, what is fixed and present action.

EXAMPLES:

  1. Sule always smokes after meals.
  2. The bus arrives at 8 a.m.
  3. The sun sets in the West.
  • PRESENT CONTINUOUS TENSE:

It is progressive. It is formed by adding –ing to the main verb. The auxiliary verb should be in the present tense.

EXAMPLES:

  1. Ronke is reading now.
  2. Mayowa is carrying a table.
  3. She is enjoying the sweet snacks.
  • PRESENT PERFECT TENSE:

The perfective aspect is formed by combining a form of the verb ‘have’ with the main verb in the past participial form. ‘Have’ remains in the present tense.

EXAMPLES:

  1. I have been to Lagos.
  2. Tunde has eaten his food
  • PRESENT PERFECT CONTINUOUS TENSE:

It is the combination of the progressive and perfective aspect.

EXAMPLES:

  1. I have been coming to this place now for two years.
  2. I have been attending Good Shepherd School since primary school 

EVALUATION: Write ten sentences, highlighting the following types of verb tenses: Present Tense, Present Continuous, Present Perfect Continuous Tense.

 

VOCABULARY: Library

  • Catalogue
  • Shelves
  • Lending cards
  • Reference
  • Periodicals
  • Encyclopedia

Evaluation: Use a dictionary to discover the meaning of the words above

 

POETRY

CONTENT:

Poetry refers in totality to the deployment of certain devices such as figure as figures of speech (emotion), rhyme and rhythm, stanzaic divisions, metre, the subject matter in a body of words to express an idea.

FEATURES

  1. Imagery: this refers to the selective and effective use of words to create a pictorial impression in the imagination of the reader.
  2. Stanza: It is a collection of verses to form a section of the poem
  3. Rhythm: It is the measured flow of words and phrases in poetry.
  4. Rhyme: It is the sameness of sounds between words in poetry.

EVALUATION: Write a poem, using the listed features.

GENERAL EVALUATION

  1. Write ten sentences, highlighting the following types of verb tenses: Present Tense, Present Continuous, Present Perfect Continuous Tense
  2. Effective English, book 1. Page 193. Test for continuous assessment

WEEKEND ASSIGNMENT

  1. Effective English, book 1. Page 133. Practice.
  2. Write a letter of complaints to your school authority.

 

In our next class, we will be talking about Speech Work: Grammar: /ᴧ/, The Simple Past Tense, Past Continuous.  We hope you enjoyed the class.

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