Composition (Narrative), Speech Work: /ᶕu/, /ai/ and /ei/,  Grammar: Exercises on Verbs


Welcome to class! 

In today’s class, we will be talking about guided composition (narrative). Enjoy the class!





I was born in Ha Nam, a province in the North of Vietnam. I am always proud of my hometown with hard-working and kind farmers. I feel most proud of my village because of the many traditional festivals that take place every year. One of the most important festivals in my village is “Village Festival”. “Village Festival” takes place every two years to remind people in the village of the god of the village who built the village. People often call the god of the village as “Thanh Hoang Lang”. This festival takes place on the full-moon day of February. There are three parts of the” Village Festival”.

The first part of the festival that children are the most eager is lifting the palaqueen and lion dances. On the day of the Village Festival, children often get up early, wearing beautiful clothes. Then they go to the communal house of the village to wait for the palaqueen. About 7 o’clock, all of the people in the village gather on two sides of the road to see the palaqueen pass. It is believed that children who go under the palaqueen on this day will have good health and will study very well.

At 8 o’clock in the morning, the palaqueen starts being raised from the village to the village. The palaqueen is raised by eight people. Always the old people in the traditional costume go in front of the palaqueen and they both go and spread things like coins, pink candles. My grandma told me that people who pick the pink candles are very lucky. They often put the candles in front of their children’s bed. It is thought that the light of the pink candle will make their children more intelligent and healthier. Therefore they try to get the pink candles. Lion dances are also followed by the palaqueen. The procession lasts for more than an hour.


After the procession, people in the village: the old, the young and children move to the river in the village quickly to see the next part of the Village Festival called “traditional games”. Traditional games are the most interesting part of the Village Festival, so villagers always wait for this activity. There are a lot of traditional games that take place in this part such as boat race, tug of war and wrestling. One of the most interesting games in the Village Festival is the racing boat. There are five teams which present the fives villages.  It is a very proud thing for any village to win the competition. Therefore, every village chooses the strongest man to join the boat race competition.

In this game, competitors sit on an imperial boat, a boat has the form of a dragon decorated with different colours. The captains who stand at the head of the boat order their team to sail the boat quickly. As soon as the sound of the drum starts, all team begin sailing as fast as they can. Along two sides of the river, viewers are shouting for encouragement for their home team. The louder the sound of yelling and shouting of fans is, the more quickly the competitors sail. People who watch at two sides of the river run after the boat to encourage their team. The team which sails to the finish the most quickly will be the winner of the game. It is a big pride of the village for the team who gets the first prize.

Besides the boat race, the traditional games like tug of war, rice- cooking and wrestling are also seen by most people in the village. The activities of the traditional games finish at about 1 p.m in the afternoon. The last part of Village Festival is celebrated in the communal house yard after the traditional games.

When the traditional games finish, villagers gather in front of the communal house yard to eat a traditional meal and to see which teams get prizes in traditional games. From early in the morning, the women in the village prepare necessary materials to cook the meal. Often women in the village who are good at cooking will be chosen to cook for the Village festival. About noon all the food is shown carefully and spectacularly on the tables in the communal house yard.

On Village festival day the communal house becomes more crowded. This is a special occasion for people in the village to meet and talk together about their work as well as the harvest. Firstly, the results of the traditional games in the morning are announced by the leader of the village. Most people are waiting to hear which teams win the first prize. It is the pride of the village that wins the first prize. The winners in the traditional games last year will award the prize for the winners this year. Then people sit on their seats eating the meal. They both eat and talk happily. After the meal, people gather to hear the women in the village sing folk songs. The Village festival lasts until early in the evening.

Despite the impact of the industrialization, the Village Festival is still celebrated as the cultural and traditional beauty of my village. It reminds the young generation of the tradition and originality.


EVALUATION: Form a group five, study the passage carefully and compare it with the village festival of your villages.





  1. Simile: You are dark as charcoal

Metaphor: You are a dark charcoal

  1. Simile: Tunde is as sly as a fox

Metaphor: Tunde is simply a fox

  1. Simile: Aremu is a fast as a cheetah on the field

Metaphor: Aremu is a cheetah on the field

EVALUATION: Make more examples of your own




Bachelor              baggage         bailiff        babble        backlash          backlog          balder       dash           ballyhoo

bamboozle     bay       ballast       ballerina        banana        beneath bannister bankruptcy         banquet     

barbecue    barometer      barrister             basically           basis        bassoon         battalion          bazaar      bedlam

belch/burp      bellow          beguile    behaviour      beleaguer            belief/ believe       belligerent       benefited

bequeath        berserk           besiege  bettered     bewitch         bibliography     bigotry       bereft       beseech

besotted         bestial            bestow      beautiful              befriend           bigamous           bigoted          bilingual

biscuit        blaze            blight             biennial      bigwig         billow          biography       blitz            boffin

bohemian            bizarre          bias    bicycle         boisterous

EVALUATION: Study the spellings words above and rewrite.



CONTENT:  /əu/, /iə/, /ai/ and /ei/

Diphthongs: The word ‘diphthong’ is from a Greek word, which means double sound. They are also vowels. The difference is that while a pure vowel contains only one sound, a diphthong contains two sounds with a glide from the first vowel.

/ei/ as found in rain

/ᶕu/ as found in spoke

/ai/ as found in high

/iᶕ/ as found in hear

/uᶕ/ as found in tour

EVALUATION: Diphthongs can be divided into two, namely:  centering and closing dipthongs. Classify the diphthongs above into these two.





  1. In five sentences, use the modal auxiliary verbs ‘shall’ and ‘will’ to indicate futurity
  2. In five sentences, use the infinitive form to indicate futurity
  3. In five sentences, use the present progressive form to indicate futurity
  4. Write ten sentences, highlighting the following types of verb tenses: Present Tense, Present Continuous, Present Perfect Continuous Tense.

EVALUATION: In a group of five, evaluate the sentences of your teammate.


  1. List five instruments used for home remedy/cure
  2. Turn similes to metaphors in sentences


  • Effective English. Page 210. Grammar, practice 4
  • Write an expository essay on the plantation of rice
  • Construct five sentences each to illustrate the various uses of the verbs be, do, have.
  • Construct five sentences each to illustrate the various uses of the verbs shall, will
  • Try your hands on the following spelling drills

Cabbage               caffeine        cafeteria              camouflage

campaign           campaigned        cancelled        cancerous

candour cannabis      cannibal        cabal       canvas

catapult    carburettor     career       caress

caries           carriage          cartoonist         cashier

cassette         castanets         casualty              catalogue

catarrh          catechism        cauliflower          cautious

celibacy      ceiling            cellophane       cemetery

centenary centilitre cavernous


In our next class, we will be talking about Speech Work: /ᶕu/, /ai/ and /ei/ Grammar: Exercises on Verbs.  We hope you enjoyed the class.

Should you have any further question, feel free to ask in the comment section below and trust us to respond as soon as possible.

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