Welcome to class! 

In today’s class, we will be talking about the introduction to drawing and composition with a basic study of colour. Enjoy the class!

Introduction to Drawing and Composition with Basic Study of Colour

Basic Study of Colour

Drawing can be defined as the art of using line to create a picture, image, form or shape. The study and mastery of drawing is a detailed and observatory training towards the understanding and mastery of other art forms. Drawing is as old as the history of humankind, as drawings were found on the wall of caves and rock shelters done by early men. Drawing forms of the creative and directional basis of the mural, panel, animation, comics, cartoon, electrical wiring, plumbing, bookbinding and book illustration. Drawings can be used to tell stories, teach, create art and give direction.

Types of drawing

  1. Still life drawing
  2. Silhouette drawing
  3. Nature drawing
  4. Life drawing
  5. Imaginative composition
  6. Textile motif composition

List of materials needed for drawing

Drawings can be created through a variety of media e.g pencil, pen, charcoal, pastel, crayon and ink on a range of surfaces: a drawing paper, pencil of various degrees of hardness or softness HB, B,2B,4B,6B,8B, charcoal, chalk pastel, oil pastel clip, thumb pin, eraser, drawing, T-square, fixative are needed.

  • Composition:  Composition is the visual or imaginative arrangement of elements in a work of art in the effort to interpret a subject matter.
  • Unity: This is the elementary technique of check and balance, to ensure that all parts of the composition are in agreement with others and no part is left out place.
  • Movement: Movement is captured by the symmetric and asymmetric arrangement of objects.
  • Focus: Focus is the creative ability to give distinctive and independent character to objects or elements in a composition.
  • Proportion: this establishes the basic ability to equally distribute form and mass within a confined space, thereby reviewing how things fit together in a work of art and their distance each other
  • Balance: in composition, balance can be achieved through symmetrical and symmetrical arrangements of objects within a given space.
  • Pattern: a pattern is an important guide for composition, which establishes the uniform use of lines and shape in artwork or otherwise.
  • Rhythm: The ability to give character to a work of art or objects within the work in such a way that it leads or attract the eye to the work of art around it.
  • Contrast: The creative ability to interpret light and dark as an atmosphere in the composition or artwork.

Definition of colour

Colour is the general term to qualify a single or variety of hues in their different. It is the visible spectrum of radiation reflected from an object. Colours can be described based on their value and hue.

Value is defined as the relative lightness or darkness of a colour. It is important for the definition form and spatial illusion. Hue is the term for pure spectrum colour, commonly referred to by the colour name. There are three basic hues from which other hues are generated. Red, yellow and blue make up the basic hues which are also referred to as primaries or primary colours.

  • Primary colours:

Primary colours are the foundation from which other colours were created. They are otherwise known as basic colours, e.g red, yellow, blue.

  • Secondary colours:

These are a range of colours that are gotten from the mixture of equal proportion of two primary colours e.g red+yellow=orange. Red+blue=purple. Blue+yellow=green.

  • Tertiary colours:

These are colours born out of the equal mixture of a primary and secondary colour.

The symbolic meaning of colour

  1. Blue: peace, reliability, clarity, cleanliness; also it can represent depression
  2. Yellow: joy, happiness, friendship.
  3. Red: danger, caution, blood. Also love and warmth. It is a good attention grabber.
  4. Orange: warmth and energy.
  5. Purple: royalty, exotic items
  6. Pink: childhood, babies, feminine
  7. Green: nature, health, youthfulness, luck

Uses of colour

  1. Colour is used for identification.
  2. It enhances selection.
  3. It is used as an expressive medium.
  4. Colour is used for printing words and ideas on paper.
  5. Colour is user for painting.
  6. It is used to control or manipulate emotions and feelings.
  7. It is used as a coat of protection for other materials.
  8. Colour is used for branding.
  9. It is used to set mood or ambience of a place, private or public
  10. Colour is used for writing.
  11. It is used to create a sense of ownership.
  12. It is used for entertainment.
  13. Colour is used for beautification.
  14. It is used to enhance self-image.
  15. It is used to interpret nature, object, place, time, sadness, happiness.


We hope you enjoyed the class.

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