Meaning of Communicable And Noncommunicable Disease

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In today’s Physical Education Class class, we will be learning about Communicable And Non-communicable Disease

Communicable And Non-communicable Disease

Communicable and noncommunicable

Communicable diseases are those diseases which can be transferred from one individual to another. At times, communicable diseases are referred to as transmissible diseases or infectious diseases. Typically, it is caused by pathogens such as viruses and bacteria. For instance, diseases such as malaria, dengue and the likes, are communicable diseases as they can be passed.

These diseases are communicated by several methods such as touch, intercourse or oral exchange from the infected person, contact with the contaminated subject, surface or object, consuming contaminated food and water, bites from insects that cause such diseases (malaria, for example), or through the air, such as tuberculosis.

The diseases which are not transmitted from one person to another are known as non-communicable diseases. These are typically some of the allergies, nutrient deficiencies etc. For example, cardiovascular diseases, diabetes, cancer, etc. A healthy life cycle that involves proper diet, complete sleep, no smoking and maintaining body weight are some of the measures that can improve one’s life quality and prevent these diseases.

communicable and noncommunicable diseases

The main non-communicable diseases are diabetes, cardiovascular diseases and chronic respiratory ailments. Lack of physical activity, metabolism-related abnormalities, sedentary lifestyle and development of some types of cancers are seemingly contributing to being the causatives of Non-communicable Diseases.

A poor, less nutritive diet fails to provide one with the expected nutritional requirements with issues regarding sugar, salt and fat consumption, which lead to the development of non-communicable diseases. Furthermore, consumption of alcohol and tobacco leads to the development of metabolic-related disorders, cancer and lung ailments. Ecosystem factors from unsupportable processes have an impact on the functions of the body and trigger the development of these diseases.

Noncommunicable diseases, also known as chronic diseases, tend to be of long duration and are the result of a combination of genetic, physiological, environmental and behavioral factors.

The main types of Non-communicable Diseases are cardiovascular diseases (such as heart attacks and stroke), cancers, chronic respiratory diseases (such as chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and asthma) and diabetes.

In summary, gender, age, genetics, smoking, unhealthy diet, inactive lifestyle, exposure to pollution etc., are the factors that can lead to obesity and hypertension. These, in turn, increase the risk of several non-communicable diseases.



What is a Communicable Disease?


Reading Assignment

Mention one difference between Communicable And Non-communicable Diseases. 


Weekend Assignment

List two examples each for Communicable And Non-communicable Diseases. 


We hope you enjoyed today’s class. In our next class, we will be talking about Issues And Challenges in Physical Health Education.

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