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In today’s Home Economics class, We will be talking about Child Development and Care. We hope you enjoy the class!
TOPIC: CHILD DEVELOPMENT AND CARE
SUB- TOPIC: MEANING, STAGES, FACTORS THAT INFLUENCE CHILD DEVELOPMENT
Every normal child grows and develops. The child passes through different stages of development. Though children however grow and develop at varying rates. It is important to understand the pattern of growth and development of the average child.
Meaning: this is an increase in the physical size, height and weight of the whole body or any of its part. It is measured in meters and kilogram.
Development: this is an increase in skills and general functions of a child’s body. This occurs in a child when there are progressions in what he/she does with his / her body e.g. holding a toy, gaining understanding etc.
FACTORS THAT INFLUENCE CHILD’S DEVELOPMENT
Heredity: This is the tendency of a child to inherit his or her parents’ characteristics e.g. colour of skin, eyeballs, nose, and body shape. Voice when speaking etc. The hereditary factor responsible for this is called a gene.
Environment: These include everything that is outside the child e.g. love and care from every member of the family, feeding with a balanced diet, provision of toys, housing and clothing.
Stages of Development
A. Pre-natal period: this is a period between the birth of a child
C. Early and late childhood, puberty and adolescent
One can predict development in children
- It follows a definite pattern
- A normal hold has an orderly and progressive development
- Development starts from the head and spreads all over the body e.g the child gains control of the eyes then the head, arms and legs.
Conditions necessary for child development include:
- Love and care
- Good nutrition
- Medical care
- Good and quality education etc.
Areas of development include:
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In our next class, we will continue learning about Child Development and Care. We are very much eager to meet you there.
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