Duties and Obligation of a Citizen


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In today’s Civic Education class, We will be learning about the Duties and Obligations of Citizens. We hope you enjoy the class!


citizenship classnotes.ng


Duties and obligations are the constitutional responsibilities a citizen or citizens are expected to perform in the society for the smooth governance of the state. There are basically three categories of obligations: civic or political obligations, economic obligations and social obligations.


Civic or political obligations are the political duties of the citizens to the state such as voting during an election, readiness to serve, obedience to law and order, etc.

Economic obligations are the duties of the citizens that are associated with business, revenue, funding and maintenance of infrastructures. A good example of economic duty is prompt payment of taxes.

Social obligations are the duties of the citizens that are related to the individual’s relationship with government agents, government properties and other citizens in the state. Examples of social obligations include the promotion of orderliness in public places, respect for constituted authority, involvement in environmental sanitation, protection of public properties, etc.



  1. Define duties and obligations.
  2. Describe the three categories of obligations.


Civic Responsibilities and Obligation of a Citizen classnotes.ng



Below are some of the duties and obligations of the citizens in society.

  1. Obedience to Law and Order: Citizens of a state have the constitutional obligation to obey the laws of the state and ensure orderliness in their conducts.
  2. Payment of Taxes: Citizens owe the state the duty of tax payment. It is an offence against the state for an employed citizen to evade tax payment.
  3. Voting During Election: All qualified citizens are expected to participate in the election of political leaders at all levels. Those who refuse to vote have no right to complain of bad governance.
  4. Respect for the Rights of Other Citizens: The citizens are expected not to infringe on the rights of other citizens in the process of exercising their own rights.
  5. Reporting suspected criminal cases to appropriate authority or agency.
  6. Readiness to serve as a witness in the court when the need arises.
  7. Respect for national symbols and national anthem.
  8. Involvement in community services including environmental sanitation.
  9. Willingness/readiness to defend the nation at all times.






  1. Mention seven duties of a citizen of a state.
  2. Mention any three duties that may not be applicable to students under 18 years.



  1. Define values.
  2. Explain five positive values.
  3. What is selflessness?
  4. Give four examples of selfless services in society.
  5. List five importance of citizenship education.



Duties and Obligations of Citizens – Fundamentals of Civic Education for SS Book 2, by Sola Akinyemi, Pages 5-9. 


  1. Define citizens’ duties.
  2. Describe five obligations of citizens in a state.





We have come to the end of this class. We do hope you enjoyed the class?

Should you have any further question, feel free to ask in the comment section below and trust us to respond as soon as possible.

In our next class, we will be learning about the Promotion of Our Traditions and Customs. We are very much eager to meet you there.


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9 thoughts on “Duties and Obligation of a Citizen”

  1. You did a well done and remarkable job by enlightening us far from the text book. It’s really a simple concept to understand.thank you.

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