Popular Participation 


Welcome to SS2 Second Term!

We are eager to have you join us in class!!

In today’s Commerce class, We will be discussing Popular Participation. We hope you enjoy the class!

citizen participation popular participation civic education classnotesng


Popular participation is the willingness and active involvement of the people in the conduct of the affairs of the state at various levels. Popular participation is important in a democracy and it allows for effective operation and stability of the political system.


Factors that can Promote Popular Participation

  1. Good governance.
  2. The supremacy of the constitution.
  3. Respect for human rights.
  4. Mass education.
  5. Enlightenment campaign.
  6. Freedom of press.
  7. Application of rule of law.
  8. Free and fair election.

participation right popular participation civic education classnotesng

Reasons why people do not participate in politics

  1. Unfulfilled political promises: People refuse to participate in public affairs due to the failure or inability of the leaders to fulfil their promises.
  2. Illiteracy: The illiterates in society see political activities as the birthright of the educated elite. Those who cannot read and write cannot be allowed to contest for any elective position. Therefore, they do not see any need to be actively involved in public affairs.
  3. Violence during Election: Many people stay from popular participation because of the frequent violence that characterized most elections. They prefer to sit at home to avoid being victims of violence.
  4. Poverty: Money plays a major role in any political system. The cost of electioneering campaign is high. Many good candidates cannot afford to meet this financial obligation hence they remain at the level of mere voters.
  5. Cultural/Religious Beliefs: Some religions and culture do not allow women to take an active part in public affairs. They see it as the duty of men.
  6. Fear of Intimidation: Most people believe that the influential in society could easily use their position to intimidate anybody they perceive as a viable opposition.
  7. Disability: Those who are physically challenged may not be able to participate actively in politics even when they have the interest.
  8. Military Intervention: Frequent intervention of the military in the administration of the state can create a lack of interest in political affairs.
  9. Election Rigging: People refuse to participate in politics because they believe their vote will not count. Hence, they prefer to stay back and watch from far.
voting in nigeria popular partiipation civic education classnotesng
Nigerians Voting


  1. Define popular participation.
  2. State five factors that can hinder popular participation.



  1. What are the factors that can promote popular participation?
  2. Mention the skills involved in youth empowerment
  3. What is employment?
  4. Explain the importance of employment in society
  5. List five functions of the executive organ of government



Popular Participation: Fundamentals of Civic Education for Senior Secondary Book 2, Sola Akinyemi, Pages 35-38.



  1. State five advantages of citizens’ participation in political affairs.
  2. Explain three factors that can promote popular participation


We have come to the end of this class. We do hope you enjoyed the class?

Should you have any further question, feel free to ask in the comment section below and trust us to respond as soon as possible.

In our next class, we will be talking about the Formation of Popular Organisation. We are very much eager to meet you there.

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