Domestic Animals

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DOMESTIC ANIMALS                                                        

INTRODUCTION

Animals can be grouped according to the way they eat and they fall into 3 broad categories:

 

GROUPS OF ANIMALS

  1. Animals that eat plants only are called Herbivores e.g. Cattle.
  2. Animals that eat only flesh of other animals are called Carnivores e.g. Lions.
  3. Animals that eat both plants and flesh are called Omnivores e.g. Human beings.

 

Animals can also be categorized according to their relationship with human beings

  1. WILD ANIMALS
  2. DOMESTIC ANIMALS

 

In this topic, you shall learn all about domestic animals, their foods and how they are grouped according to how they eat. We shall also learn about the common types of animals around us.

 

DEFINITION OF DOMESTIC ANIMALS?

Animals raised around human beings are called domestic animals. These animals have been selected from their kind in the wild to be bred around human beings.

Domestication is the practice of keeping and breeding these types of animals.

 

COMMON DOMESTIC ANIMALS

The most common domestic animals are:

  1. Cats
  2. Dogs
  3. Goats
  4. Horses
  5. Pigs
  6. Cattle
  7. Sheep

 

FOODS EATEN BY DOMESTIC ANIMALS ARE:

  • Fruits
  • Nuts
  • Legumes

 

THREE MAIN CATEGORIES OF ANIMAL DOMESTICATION

 

  1. Domestication for companionship. Examples are dogs and cats.
  2. Animals farmed for food. Examples are sheep, cows, pigs, and poultry.
  3. Working or drafting animals. Examples are horses, donkeys, and camels.

Animals domesticated for companionship

  • There are lots of domesticated animals but only a few specifically for companionship.
  • Animals reared for companionship are part of the family in which they are adopted into.
  • They are treated as humans so that they can play important emotional, social, physical and mental roles.
  • They are bred mainly to meet the needs of the humans with disability.

Examples include cats, and dogs.

 

Animals domesticated for food

  • Animals farmed for food are those animals reared mainly for the purpose of eating or feeding.
  • They are sometimes reared in commercial quantities to sell to others.
  • They also reproduce and can also serve as income for the farmers or owners.
  • They are kept for the economic purpose of the country.

Examples of domesticated animals for food are: fish, cattle, pigs, poultry, and sheep.

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Animals domesticated for work

  • Working animals are also known as draught animals.
  • They are animals kept and trained by humans to perform tasks for them especially on farmlands.
  • These draught animals can also be used to carry loads or people to the market or for travelling.
  • Other types of work performed by domesticated animals are guides for the blind.

Examples of animals that are domesticated for work purposes are special assistance

dogs, and service dogs or police dogs.

 

EVALUATION

  1. List 5 other types of domestic animals aside from the ones listed above
  2. Give the definition of domestic animals

 

SUMMARY

  • Domestic animals are animals which live near people on a farm.
  • Domestic animals are usually bred on grass, grains, and sometimes human leftovers.
  • They are useful in helping humans to work on the farms.
  • Domesticated animals provide food for humans.
  • Domesticated animals can also be used for transportation.
  • Domesticated animals can be a source of income.

 

ASSIGNMENTS

  1. What kind of domestic animal do you like?
  2. Draw a diagram of an example of a domestic animal.

 

 

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