Balanced Diet

Welcome to class, we will be talking about a balanced diet. I am sure that as you follow up you will enjoy the class.

In the last lessons we have learnt different classes of food like carbohydrate, protein, vitamins etc. These classes of food are called nutrients and must be contained in the food we eat to ensure health and growth.

In today’s lesson, we’ll be learning about balanced diets.

A balanced diet is a meal of food that contains the important food substances or nutrients needed by our body. These important food substances are

  • Carbohydrates
  • Proteins
  • Oil and fatty foods
  • Vitamins and
  • Mineral salts.

For instance, When we eat rice with stew, plantain, salad and chicken we have eaten a balanced diet. This is because rice gives carbohydrates, stew contains groundnut oil, salad has vegetables that give mineral salts and the chicken is a source of protein.

In the same way, when we eat pounded yam with soup and orange juice, it gives carbohydrates, mineral salts, protein, and vitamin.

Food time table showing a balanced diet

EVALUATION

  1. A balanced diet must contain carbohydrate, protein fats, and vitamins.  Yes or No
  2. Every child needs a ——— diet to grow well.   a) backward.   b) balanced
  3. Chicken gives ——– to the body.  a) protein,   b) minerals.   c) fats
  4. Fruits and vegetables give ——- to the body.  a) carbohydrates.  b) protein.  c) Vitamins

 

Importance Of Balanced Diet

  1. It helps us to grow well and strong
  2. It enables us to be active as it gives us energy.
  3. Eating a balanced diet results in good health, keeping sickness away.
  4. It supplies us with strength for carrying out various activities.
  5. It helps our bones and teeth to develop well.

 

Effects Of Eating Unbalanced Diet.

  1. It can make children grow short and small
  2. It can result in kwashiorkor
  3. It can cause a child to have a bow leg.
  4. It can cause swollen necks.

EVALUATION

  1. Balance diet can help children ——.   a) grow.    b) fight well.   c) fly well
  2. Balanced diet gives us —— to play.   a) Toys    b) Energy   c) excitement
  3. Eating an unbalanced diet can cause someone to have ——
  1. Strong leg.  b) bow leg   c) balanced leg.
  2. It’s good to eat an unbalanced diet. True or False
  3. Kwashiorkor is caused by lack of ———. a) fats.   b) Protein   c) Vitamins

we have come to the end of the class. If you have any questions ask using the comment box. Thank you for your time.

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