Identification and Types of Building


Welcome to class! 

In today’s class, we will be talking about buildings. Enjoy the class!

Identification and Types of Building



In our last lesson, we learnt the construction of shapes using metals and wood. We learnt about the properties of metals and wood and the tools that are used to construct shapes.

In this lesson, we will identify types of building and also learn about the materials needed for building.

Definition of a building

A building is a structure with a roof and walls standing permanently in one place, such as a house or factory. A building can be a house where people live, where people worship, a school, etc. this means that several kinds of activities can take place in a building as they are built for different purposes. The main purpose that a building serves is protection from adverse weather conditions like heat, cold, rain, wind, etc.

A building also provides shelter for man, so he has a place to sleep, relax and rest. A building also serves as a means of making money. People build houses and give them out to others for rent.


  1. What is a building?
  2.  State three importance of a building.
Types of building

There are different types of building as categorised by the government. They are:

  1. Residential Buildings
  2. Educational Buildings
  3. Institutional Buildings
  4. Assembly Buildings
  5. Business Buildings
  6. Mercantile Buildings
  7. Industrial Buildings
  8. Storage Buildings
  9. Wholesale Establishments
  10. Mixed Land Use Buildings
  11. Hazardous Buildings
  12. Detached Buildings
  13. Semi-Detached Buildings
  14. Multi-Storey or High Rise Buildings
  15. Slums
  16. Unsafe Buildings
  17. Special Buildings
Types of residential houses
  1. Apartment.
  2. Bungalow.
  3. Caravan.
  4. Castle.
  5. Condominium.
  6. Cottage.
  7. Dormitory
  8. Duplex.
  9. Farmhouse
  10. Flat
  11. Hut
  12. Lighthouse
  13. Manor
  14. Mansion
  15. Palace
  16. Shack
  17. Log cabin
 Materials needed for building
  1. Wood
  2. Glass
  3. Metal
  4. Plastic
  5. Bricks and blocks
  6. Cement
  7. Tiles
  8. Asbestos
  9. Aluminium
  10. Concrete
  11. Granite
  12. Wood
  13. Wire
  14. Paint
  15. Iron rods etc
  1. Mention five types of building
  2. List ten types of building materials


  1. Name and Explain four types of the residential area.


In our next class, we will be talking about Energy, Concept, Theory, Idea and Types.  We hope you enjoyed the class.

Should you have any further question, feel free to ask in the comment section below and trust us to respond as soon as possible.

How Can We Make ClassNotesNG Better - CLICK to Tell Us💃


Watch FREE Video Lessons for Best Grades & Academic Success💃

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published.

Don`t copy text!