Care of the Family Clothing and Household Linen


Welcome to Class !!

We are eager to have you join us !!

In today’s Home Economics class, We will be discussing Managing family Clothing. We hope you enjoy the class!





  • Definition of Clothing
  • Guidelines on Proper Storage and Care of Family Clothing
  • Methods of Storing Family Clothing
  • Simple Garment Repair


clothing home econs classnotesng 


Clothing refers to any article we place on the body in order to protect, beautify, or adorn it. Clothing includes dresses, shoes, hats, jewellery, socks, etc.


  1. Provide good storage space for your clothes, e.g. a good closet/wardrobe, box, drawer, etc.
  2. Remove stains from clothes as soon as they occur.
  3. Mend clothes as soon as possible and check for loose fastenings.
  4. Do not store dirty clothes, wash them.
  5. Use good quality hangers to hang clothes.
  6. Remove brooches and pins from clothes before washing and storing.
  7. Air clothes after wearing or ironing before storing them.
  8. Keep the storage space clean and neat all the time.
  9. Use camphor balls to store clothes to drive away cockroaches and other insects.
  10. Wash your under-wears and socks daily.



  1. Define the term ‘clothing’.
  2. State four guidelines for maintaining family clothing.



Family clothing can be stored in the following ways:

  1. WARDROBE/CLOSET: Storing clothes in the wardrobe with the use of good quality plastic hangers is the best method of storing clothes. Some wardrobe consists of a section for hanging clothes, a section with shelves for folded clothes and the top having fitted doors for storing suitcases and boxes. Wardrobe prevents clothes from creasing and helps them to maintain their original shape.

Guidelines for Storing Clothes in Wardrobe/Closet

  1. a) Keep the wardrobe clean always.
  2. b) Use good quality plastic hangers to hang clothes. Metal or iron made hangers should be avoided.
  3. c) Do not overcrowd the wardrobe with clothes.
  4. d) Do not hang loosely woven fabric articles such as sweaters because they can stretch out of shape.
  5. e) Keep your clothes from dust.


  1. BOXES/SUITCASES/BAGS: This method protects clothes from insects, dust, light and air.

Guidelines for Storing Clothes in Boxes

  1. a) Select a good box or bag for your clothes.
  2. b) Store only clean clothes.
  3. c) Iron clothes before storing them in the box.
  4. d) Fold clothes properly before storing and store carefully to prevent creasing.
  5. e) Close the box properly to prevent dust.


  1. DRAWERS AND SHELVES: Constructed drawers and shelves made with suitable wood with good finishings can be used to store clothes such as heavy woollen sweaters.

Guidelines for Storing in Drawers or Shelves

  1. a) Store only clean and dry clothes.
  2. b) Fold the clothes carefully to remove all creases.
  3. c) Stack the lighter clothes on top of heavy ones to prevent crushing.
  4. d) Keep camphor balls in the drawers to keep insects away.



  1. Mention three method of storing family clothes.
  2. State two guidelines for storing clothes in the wardrobe.


  1. SHOES
      • * Clean your shoes immediately after use
      • * Do not leave your shoes carelessly on the floor to gather dust and become difficult to clean.
      • * Repair your shoes as soon as there is a tear, before storage.
      • * Arrange your shoes on a shoe rack or shelve.
      • * Stuff your shoes with clean pieces of paper to maintain their shape.

storage of shoes home econs classnotesng


      • * Store jewellery such as necklaces, earrings, bangles, etc. in a small box or container with cover lined with a soft cloth or cotton wool.
      • * Keep the box closed always to avoid dust.
      • * Keep jewellery away from liquid e.g. water or kerosene.


storage of jewelry home econs classnotesng


      • * Ensure they are clean and dry before storage.
      • * Fold and store in pairs in plastic bags or a corner of the closet.


  1. HATS
      • *  Keep hats free from dust.
      • *  Stuff the crown with clean paper to keep the shape.
      • *  Cover with a polythene bag before storage to prevent dust.
      • *  Place in a suitable place such as the top of a flat surface to prevent crushing.



  1. State two ways of caring for jewellery.
  2. State three ways of taking care of shoes.



Garment repair is the process of mending clothing articles. Garment repair is important for the following reasons:

    • Proper garment repair helps to prolong the life and usefulness of clothes.
    • It gives the clothes and the wearer good appearance.
    • Immediate repair prevents more damage to garments.
    • It saves money that could have been used to buy new clothes.
    • It keeps the wardrobe neat and tidy.
Types of garment repair
    1. Darning: Darning is a method of repairing or mending thin tears and small holes in garments. It involves weaving strong thread into the torn fabric to replace or strengthen torn threads. It can be done with hand or machine.

Guidelines for Darning

      • Choose a suitable thread which matches the garment in colour, texture and thickness.
      • Work all darning on the wrong side of the articles.
      • Draw or pull the edges of the tear together with herring-bone stitch before darning.
      • Ensure that the darn covers the tear or hole.


    1. Patching: This the process of replacing worn areas of a fabric with a strong piece of cloth. Large holes or worn areas are difficult to darn, so they should be patched.

Guidelines for Patching

      • Choose a piece of fabric that matches the article in colour, texture, design and age.
      • Use a matching thread for the patching.
      • Make the patching flat, neat and strong.
      • The patch must be large enough to cover the hole and the surrounding worn area.


    1. Lost or Worn Fastenings: e.g. button and buttonholes. Mend worn buttonhole by stitching over them with buttonhole stitches. Loose and missing fastenings should be fastened, replaced as soon as possible.
    2. Loose or Split Seam and Undone Hems: Tack the seam or hem with a matching thread. Use running stitch or backstitch for split seam and hemming stitch for the hem.
    1. Cut or Loose Elastic Band: Unpick a few stitches of the casing for the elastic from the wrong side. Pull out the old elastic. Replace with new elastic pulling through the casing with a suitable safety pin. Over-sew the ends of the elastic firmly together and neatly re-stitch the casing.



  1. State three guidelines for patching a hole in a garment.
  2. State two ways of storing and maintaining a hat.
  3. State five general guidelines on proper storage of clothes.
  4. Mention four reasons for wearing clothes.
  5. State five factors that can influence the selection of household linen.



We have come to the end of this class. We do hope you enjoyed the class?

Should you have any further question, feel free to ask in the comment section below and trust us to respond as soon as possible.

In our next class, we will be talking about Impart of Family Values on Lifestyles. We are very much eager to meet you there.


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