Back to: Social Studies Primary 5
Today, we will be checking out the problems of Parenthood.
PROBLEMS OF PARENTHOOD
Sexually Transmitted Diseases (STD)/Sexually Transmitted Infections (STI)
An infectious disease is a disease that can be passed from one person to another. Sexually Transmitted Diseases (STD)/Sexually Transmitted Infections (STI) are diseases that are spread by engaging in sexual activities.
Types of Sexually Transmitted Diseases (STD)/Sexually Transmitted Infections (STI)
There are two types of STDs. These are:
- Bacterial STDs: These are caused by bacteria. These are usually cured by antibiotics. Examples are gonorrhea, syphilis and chlamydia.
- Viral STDs: These are caused by viruses. They have no cure except for Hepatitis B which can be prevented with a vaccine. The others are HIV which cannot be cured but their symptoms can be reduced with treatment.
Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV)
It is a virus that destroys parts of the white blood cells. These white blood cells is the body’s disease fighting immune system, or body soldiers. When the virus attacks the white blood cells, the body becomes weak and open to all diseases. When a person has HIV, they are said to be HIV positive. HIV causes AIDS, which means Acquired Immunodefficiency Syndrome. It is the final life-threatening stage of HIV infection. This is the stage of HIV when one is highly susceptible to infections which the natural immune system would ordinarily combat and defeat.
Sources of HIV Infections
HIV can be contacted through the following ways. These are:
- Sexual Intercourse
- Exchange of body piercing objects such as pins, needles, syringes, toothbrushes, etc.
- Blood transmission
- Mother to child transmission during child birth and through breast feeding.
Effects of STDs/HIV/AIDS on Family
The following are the effect of STDs/HIV/AIDS on Family. These are:
- Marriage failure
- Reduction in family income.
- Break in family relationship.
- Stigmatization and neglect from members of the community.
Responsible Sexual Behaviours
Sexual behaviours that can prevent the spread of sexually transmitted infections are:
- Being faithful to one sexual partner.
- Avoid pre-marital sex.
- Use of protective devices such as condoms.
- Avoid pornographic pictures that can arouse the body.
Values Relevant to Responsible Sexual Behaviours
- Fear of God
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