Grammar: Vocabulary: Synonyms


Welcome to Class !!

We are eager to have you join us !!

In today’s English Language class, We will be discussing Synonyms. We hope you enjoy the class!


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  1. Grammar: Vocabulary: Synonyms
  2. Writing: The Responsibilities of Government
  3. Listening Comprehension: Main Points of a News Broadcast.
  4. Speech Work: Consonant Contrast: /ð/ and /d/, /θ/ and /t/
  5. Literature: Inspiration



A. Grammar: Vocabulary

grammar english classnotesng

Content: Synonyms

Synonyms are words of similar meanings.


Abandon – desert, forsake

Accord- harmony, agreement

Afraid – frightened, sacred

Ally- accomplice, friend, partner

Bright- brilliant, clear, intelligent

Charity- benevolence, philanthropy

Dangerous- hazardous, perilous, risky

Educate- guide, instruct, teach

Fertile- fecund, fruitful, productive

Hate- abhor, detest, loathe


Give the synonyms of these words: candid, glowing, oversee, abundant, impolite, strange, endeavour, flimsy, elegant, try.



B. Writing

writing english classnotesng

Content: The Responsibilities of Government.

In this lesson, you are expected to broaden your imagination n the duties of the government. Discuss in detail the social, moral and other responsibilities of any government in power.

Note: You are to start off by giving us the definition of government and cite examples of good and well-known governments of the world.


Write extensively on the topic. The Responsibilities of Government

Reading Assignment

Exam Focus, (English Language) P. 18



C. Listening Comprehension

Content: Main Points of a News Broadcast

Listen attentively to a news broadcast by your teacher. At the end, answer the evaluation questions.



D. Speech Work

word stress english classnotesng

Content: Stress is an extra force used when pronouncing a particular word or syllable. In other words, ‘stressing’ a syllable means giving it more force, making it louder, longer and higher in pitch than other syllables.

In English, there is a large number of words that can be both noun and verb. e.g. Export, rebel, subject, increase, etc. when such words are nouns, the first syllable is stressed, when they are verbs, the second syllable is stress. Such stressed syllables are written in capitals as in the following:

Rebel (Noun)    –           reBEL (verb)

IMport (Noun)   –           imPORT (verb)

CONvict (Noun)-          conVICT(verb)

OBject(Noun)    –           obJECT (verb)


Some three-syllable words are stressed on the second syllable.

e.g. enJOYment



imPORTant, etc.

The following words are stressed on the second syllable:

reSPONsible                               seCUrity

enVIronment                             inDIScipline

reMARKable                              parTIcular

sucCESSfully                               eMOtional



Sound: Consonant Contrast

Content :

/t/  and           /θ/

team              theme

tank                thank

tick                  thick

torn                thorn

tin                    thin

boat               both

sheet              sheath

naught          north

fought           forth

bat                 bath


/d /  and      /ð/

Dare            there

Bad              bathe

Die             thy

Day              they

Dine            thine


Write ten words for each sound.



E. Literature


Content: Inspiration

In the poem, the poet discusses in detail what inspiration is. The predominant figure of speech here is personification. There are other several figures of speech used.


  1. With examples, write out the figures of speech used by the poet in this poem.




  • With the aid of your dictionary write 20 words that are stressed on the second syllable.

NB: Ensure that the words cut across nouns, adjectives, verbs and adverbs.

  • Indicate the stressed syllable in each of the following words by representing it with capital letters.

a. contain b. remain c. behind d. protest      e. transport  e. delicate    f. quantity

  • Write a letter to your sister who plans to divorce her husband, advising her against her decision.


Effective English JSS 2 p. 183



Use the most appropriate options from the alternatives to fill the gaps in these sentences.

  1. Nowadays, Nduka ____ a novel every week. (A) read (B) has read (C) reads  (D) reading
  2. The man ____ by the dog. (A) was bitten    (B) was bit    (C) was bitting  (D) was bit
  3. Fatimah and one other girl now ____ so. (A) thinks   (B) think   (C) thought   (D) thinking
  4. The little girl fainted in the heat, but she has ____ (A) come up (B) come about   (C) come to   (D) come off
  5. She was badly ___ by the sad news. (A) shaken   (B) shook     (C) shaking    (D) shaked



We have come to the end of this class. We do hope you enjoyed the class?

Should you have any further question, feel free to ask in the comment section below and trust us to respond as soon as possible.

In our next class, we will be talking about Antonyms. We are very much eager to meet you there.


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