Speech work


Welcome to JSS2!

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In today’s class, We will be discussing Speechwork: Revision of Vowel Sounds. We hope you enjoy the class!



  1. Speechwork; Revision of Vowel Sounds
  2. Grammar: Revision of Parts of Speech: Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Adjectives
  3. Comprehension: The Hippopotamus Part 1
  4. Writing: Writing an Outline for a Narrative
  5. Literature In English: Figures of Speech       
  1. Speechwork: Revision of Vowel Sounds

Content: Vowel Sounds.

There are forty-four sound segments in English comprising twenty vowels and twenty- four consonants.

The production of vowel sounds takes place as the airstream flows from the lungs to the mouth without any obstruction.

The vowel in English is classified into two main groups: pure vowels also called monophthongs and diphthongs. The monophthongs are further subdivided into short vowels and long vowels.

A list of monophthongs /pure vowels

  1. /i:/ as in seat, key, chief, people, mete, quay
  2. /I/ as in sit, pretty, women, village, enough, waited
  3. /e/ as in pen, head, any, bury, ferry, bread, rest
  4. /әe/ as in cap, had, hand, plan, tank, sad, mat
  5. /a:/ as in hard, father, heart, path, dark, far, arm
  6. /D/ or/Ɔ/ as in cot, cock, wash, clock, hot, lot, shop
  7. /Ɔ:/ as in court, fork, cork, tall, law, bought, fore
  8. /Ʊ/ as in good, foot, cook, book, should, woman
  9. /u:/ as in moon, rude, loose, lose, soup, flute, juice
  10. /˄/ as in sun, mother, come, cup, fun, money, but
  11. /3:/ as in firm, bird, first, shirt, skirt, term, serve
  12. /ә/ as in allow, above, around, doctor, sister, alive, forget, religious

A list of diphthongs

  1. /ei/ as in play, rake, pale, state, cake, day, wake
  2. /ai/ as in pie, my, height, plight, mite, bright
  3. /ͻi/ as in oil, boy, buoy, toil, foil, noise, joy
  4. /әu/ as in go, hoe, home, no, know, coat, goat, rose
  5. /au/ as in house, now, cloud, rowdy, brow, howl
  6. /iә/ as in fear, cheer, beer, idea, serious, here, near
  7. /eә/ as in pair, air, hair, bare, there, fare, bare, chair
  8. /uә/ as in tour, moon, poor, pure, sure, lure


Write five different words that have each of the sounds treated above.

Reading Assignment: Exam Focus English JSSCE pg. 143 – 145


B. Grammar: Revision of Some Parts of Speech

Content: Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Adjectives.

As the body of a person has different works or functions, so a sentence is made up of different words performing different functions. Each word is named according to the function it performs in a sentence.

A noun is a naming word which names people, things, animal, places and ideas e.g. Ade, boy, man, girl, Bisi, woman, child, chief, king, princess, ant, goat, London, school, church, beauty, anger, empathy etc.

A girl was looking for her book.

The book is on the table.

A pronoun replaces a noun in a sentence to avoid repetition e.g. she, he, they, we, them, us, her, it, you, herself, whom, that, why etc. She is a good student. I love my dog.

An adjective qualifies a noun, i.e. it tells us more about a noun. E.g. beautiful, ugly, emotional, tall, old, fantastic etc.


A beautiful woman.

She is beautiful.

An unkempt hair

Verbs are words that tell the action of the nouns which are usually the subject or objects of the sentence. e.g. beat, sleep, sing, talk, jump, dance, has, have, does, may etc. I talk a lot. She dances well.

Evaluation: Name the different parts of speech and give three examples each.

Reading Assignment: Exam Focus English JSCE p. 41-69


  1. Topic: Comprehension

comprehension english classnotesng

Content: Why the Hippo Lives in Water Part 1

This passage discusses the reason why Isantim (hippopotamus) lives in water.


Answer the questions which accompany the passage page 21. Effective English J SS 2p 22- 23


D. Topic: Writing

Content: Narrative Essay

essay writing english classnotesng

A narrative essay is an essay that tells or recounts a story, event or an incident. The past tense is used in this type of essay.


  1. Title
  2. Body (an introductory paragraph, paragraphs by points, concluding paragraph)

Writing an Outline for How I Spent My Last Holiday:

  • When the holiday started
  • Your feelings towards the holiday i.e. happy, unhappy
  • Places of interest you visited
  • Remarkable things you did or achieved during the holiday
  • Conclusion

Evaluation: In not less than 250 words, write a meaningful account of how you spent your last holiday.

Reading Assignment: Exam Focus English JSCE p.15-16


E. Literature: Figures of Speech

Content: Personification, Hyperbole, Paradox, Irony, Alliteration.

Figures of speech refer to expressions used in a special way for a concise and forceful effect.

  • Personification; inanimate objects are treated as human beings. E.g.My car is coughing. The trees are waving. The sun is smiling.
  • Hyperbole: is an overstatement or exaggeration for emphasis or a satirical effect. E.g. I will fly to the moon to prove my love for you.

I can eat a mountain bowl of Eba.

I saw a sea of blood at the accident scene.

  • Paradox: contains two opposite ideas which make it seem impossible but possible after deep consideration e.g. The child is the father of the man.

More haste, less speed.

Nigeria’s unity lies in her diversity.

  • Irony: stating the direct opposite of one’s intention or getting the exact opposite of one’s expectation. E .g: You must be very clever for scoring 20% in your examination.

Chief Bigo is so wealthy that he can even take from a beggar.

  • Alliteration: is the repetition of the same consonant sounds in sequence.


Both boy and ball

“Orunmila” make my medicine potent.

Evaluation: Write out two examples of each figure of speech explained.

Reading assignment: Exam Focus English JSSE Page 157 – 158.


Fill in the blanks with suitable verbs.

  1. The worst of the problems ______ been dealt with.
  2. The boy likes sisters to _______ active in sport
  3. Most of the water in our town _______ from the nearby dam.
  4. Neither she nor her brother _______ gone to school
  5. A number of boys from that school _____ going to camp.


Fill in the blank space with the most appropriate option from the list given in the bracket.

  1. The man sells many books and ____in his book shop. ( many stationery, a stationary, much stationery)
  2. The storm did _____damage to the house. (a, an, much)
  3. The principal has bought ______ for the science laboratory. ( equipment, much equipment)
  4. He eats ______ every day. ( egg, eggs, egg)
  5. Bowen is _____ European but Mr. Woo is ______ American. (an/an, a/a, a/an)
  6. He worked for ______ hour. ( a , an, many)


We have come to the end of this class. We do hope you enjoyed the class?

Should you have any further question, feel free to ask in the comment section below and trust us to respond as soon as possible.

In our next class, we will be discussing Speechwork: Review of Consonant. We are eager to meet you there.

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8 thoughts on “ Speech work”

  1. How I spent my last holiday:

    Good day everyone. I am here to write a composition on how I spent my last holiday. I really enjoyed my last holiday because I had to travel to my home town, Obiaruku, Delta state, Nigeria, for the first time. The day my family decided to go on a trip, l was really happy although it was for only a short period of time. I waited patiently for the day. Finally, the day came and we began our trip I kept on asking if we had gotten to our destination. When we finally got there, I was fast asleep. By the time I awoken, I was both happy and surprised to see my home town. We went to my grandmother’s house. For the first time in my life I got to taste my native food. Being in the village for the first time, I decided to see how it’s like living in the village. My siblings and I decided to go to the village stream with our cousins. Our trip to the village was spectacular. It was finally time for school to resume. As at that time, we were already back from our trip. I really enjoyed the trip, it was very interesting.
    Thanks for reading.

  2. My answer on part ( B)

    (i) A noun is a naming word. Examples are Bat,Cat,Car.
    (ii) A pronoun is a word used instead of a noun. Examples are she, he, them.
    (iii) A verb is an action word or a word. Examples are dance, open, quick.
    ( iv) An adverb is used to qualify or modify a verb. Examples are sadly, carefully, hardly.
    ( v) An adjective is used to qualify a noun. Examples are honest, clean, beautiful.
    ( vi) A preposition is a word used to express a relationship Examples are about, behind, before.
    (vii) A conjunction is a word that links two words. Examples are often, though, although.
    ( viii) An interjection is used to express exclaim. Examples are oh!, Wow!

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