Speechwork: Vowel Contrast /iә/ and /eә/


Welcome to Class !!

We are eager to have you join us !!

In today’s English Language class, We will be discussing Vowel Contrast. We will look into Active and Passive Voice. We hope you enjoy the class!


english language classnotesng


  1. Speechwork: Vowel Contrast /iә/ and /eә/
  2. Grammar: More on Active and Passive Voice
  3. Comprehension: The Process of Growing Rice.
  4. Vocabulary Development: Health
  5. Writing: Elements of composition


A. Topic: Vowel Contrast


/iә/                                          /eә/

sheer                                      share/seer

cheer                                     chair

fear                                        fare

beer                                       bear/bare

tier                                          tear

deer/dear                               dare

peer                                       pear/pair/pare

here                                       there

Evaluation: Write out ten pairs for the sounds.

Reading Assignment: Oral English for Schools and Colleges by Sam Onuigbo, pages 20-29




B. Topic: More on Active and Passive Voice

Content: Definition and Examples

A sentence is in the active voice when the subject or the doer of the action is at the beginning of the sentence.


  1. The dog bit me.
  2. She gave me some fruits
  3. Grandmother told us an interesting story.
  4. I am kicking a ball.

A sentence is in the passive voice when the object or receiver of the action is at the beginning of a sentence. Sometimes the subjects may be left out if it is not important or not known.


I was bitten by the dog

I have been robbed!

We were told to sit down and keep quiet.

A ball is being kicked by me. 

Evaluation: Write out five sentences in the active voice and change them to passive voice.

Reading Assignment: English Grammar by P.O Olatunbosun page 65- 68



C. Topic: Comprehension

Content: The Process of Growing Rice page 38 – 39

This passage discusses the process of growing rice. A nursery is made for the seedlings before they are planted. A nursery is a place where seedlings are raised or grown before they are transplanted.

Evaluation: Effective English JS2, p 3,Practice 2

Reading Assignment: Effective English JS 2, page 39


vocabulary development english classnotesng


D. Topic: Vocabulary Development

Content: Health p 94 – 95

Health is the condition of a person’s body or mind. It is also the state of being physically and mentally healthy.

Words to do with health:

Clinic: A small hospital where treatment is given.

Dispensary: A room where medicines are given out.

Surgeon: A doctor who performs operations.

A specialist: A doctor who specializes in one branch of medicine.

Patient: A person who receives care from a doctor.

Paediatrician: A specialist for children’s disease

Pharmacy: A section where medicines are bought.


Evaluation: Write out twenty words to do with health.

Reading Assignment: Exam focus English JSCE page 118 – 119; Effective English JS 2 page 102



E. Topic: Writing

letters letter writing english classnotesng

Content: Elements of Composition

Composition is also known as continuous writing which involves the use of a lot of sentences to express an idea, one’s opinion or explain a concept.

A composition has a beginning, middle and an end. These parts have specific names- the introduction, the body and the conclusion.

An introduction has two important jobs. First, it should capture the reader’s interest and tell what the entire composition is about. It is the first paragraph of the composition. The sentence that states the central idea of the composition is called the thesis statement.  This helps the writer focus on the main point. It provides the central idea that all other ideas in the composition must relate to closely.

The body contains paragraphs that tell more about the central idea. It may consist of any number of paragraphs that prove or illustrate the thesis statement. In the body, a writer uses supporting paragraphs to provide more information about the thesis statement. The length of the body may vary. The writer may need only two paragraphs to explain the central idea or four or five paragraphs to make the idea clear. The body is always the longest section.

The conclusion ties all the ideas in the composition together. It restates the central idea and may summarise supporting ideas. It should signal completion.


Introduction (with thesis statement)

Supporting paragraph


Supporting paragraph

Supporting paragraph


Evaluation: Write four supporting paragraphs for this thesis statement: Friendship is important for many reasons.

Reading Assignment: Effective English JS2, page 79



  1. Write out the following sentences into the passive voice:
  2. Yinka scolded the boy for fighting in class.
  3. The fisherman caught a lot of fish yesterday.
  4. I am sure Akpan took my pen by mistake
  5. Our principal usually gives a short speech dating assembly.
  6. The hungry children ate the food.

B. Exam focus English JSCE page 19 Revision Exercise 13.8




We have come to the end of this class. We do hope you enjoyed the class?

Should you have any further question, feel free to ask in the comment section below and trust us to respond as soon as possible.

In our next class, we will dive more into Vowel Contrast. We are very much eager to meet you there.


Get more class notes, videos, homework help, exam practice on Android [DOWNLOAD]

Get more class notes, videos, homework help, exam practice on iPhone [DOWNLOAD]

Don`t copy text!