Speechwork: Consonant Contrast /p/ and /t/


Welcome to Class !!

We are eager to have you join us !!

In today’s English Language class, We will be contrasting the vowels /p/ and /t/. We will also be looking at Past Tense and some vocabulary development. We hope you enjoy the class!


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  1. Speechwork: Consonant Contrast /p/ and /t/
  2. Grammar: Past Tense Aspects
  3. Reading Comprehension: The Lorry Trip
  4. Vocabulary Development: Sports
  5. Writing: Narrative Essay


A. Topic: Consonants

Content: Consonant Contrast /p/ and /t/

/p/                              /t/

pit                               tip

pat                             tap

pip                              tip

pot                             top

part                            tart

peep                          team

pea                            tea


Evaluation: Write ten examples for each of the consonant sounds above.

Reading Assignment: Exam Focus English JSCE 143 – 144



B. Topic: Tense

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Content: Past Tense Aspects

The past tense is used to show that an action was completed or done in the past.

Examples:     He went to Ibadan yesterday.

Paloma died four years ago.

We were in Ekiti last year.

They stayed in a hotel for weeks.

It was hot yesterday.


The past tense is divided into four classes namely simple past tense, past continuous tense, past perfect tense, past perfect- continuous tense.

  1. The Simple Past Tense: It shows that an action was completed in the past. It expresses an action that takes in the past; used in conditional statements used to express habitual past action and to change a direct to indirect speech.

Example:   I went to school in Ogbomosho.

We waited for her.

You sang a song.

He learnt English.

She wrote a letter.

It rained heavily.

They built the house.


  1. Past Continuous Tense: It is used to show that an action was in progress or incomplete in the past. It is made up of was or were + verb + ing, i.e. was singing or were playing

Example:   I was reading a novel.

We were waiting for her.

You were singing a song.

He was learning English.

She was writing a letter.

It was raining heavily.

They were building the house.

While I was reading, my maid was washing the plates.

As he was walking to the station, he tripped and fell.


  1. Past Perfect Tense: It is used to show a past action that took place before another. It is made with had+past participle i.e. had eaten, had gone, etc.

Example:      I had read a novel.

We had waited for her.

You had sung a song.

He had learnt English.

She had written a letter.

It had rained heavily.

They had built the house.

After I had said my prayers, I played the piano.

Everyone had gone to bed when she came home.

He told us that they had bought a new television set.


  1. Past Perfect Continuous Tense: It is used to show that an action had been in progress up till another action began.

It is made with had+been+past participle i.e., had been singing etc.

Examples: I had been reading a novel.

We had been waiting for her.


Evaluation: Write the tense of each verb below:

Will embark, floats, shall have docked flowed, have changed, has navigated, had steered, announced, will have cleared had departed, is walking, were fighting.

Reading: Student’s Companion Junior High School by Cihrus Talbot page 84 – 92



C. Topic: Reading Comprehension

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Content: The Lorry Trip Page 79 – 80

The passage discusses a trip by a lorry and how some f the passengers slipped and fell into an oily road while trying to settle down in the lorry.


Evaluation: Answer the questions in Practice 3 and 4. Effective English JS 2 page 80 – 81

Reading Assignment: Effective English JS 2 page 92 – 93



D. Topic: Vocabulary Development

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Content: Sport is defined by the Oxford Dictionary as an activity that one does for pleasure and which requires physical effort or skill, usually done in a special area and according to fixed rules. Words associated with sport are player, competitor, athlete, medalist, score, defender, attacker, referee, coach, basketball, athletics, football, netball, volleyball, boxing, table, items, swimming, wrestling, stadium, field, tracks, gymnasium, penalty, goal, competition, race, match, cut, jab, break, record, team, etc.

Evaluation: Write out other words to do with sports.

 Reading Assignment: Exam Focus English JSCE page 118



E. Topic: Writing

essay writing english classnotesng

Content: Narrative Essay

A narrative essay is an essay that tells or recounts a story, an event or incident. The past tense is used in this type of essay. Writing an outline for A frightening Experience

Evaluation: Develop the outline into a full essay

Reading Assignment: Exam Focus English JSCE page 15- 17




Each sentence contains an error involving a form of be, have, or do. Write the sentences correctly.

  1. The weather were beautiful all summer long.
  2. Wasn’t you an expert on canal trips?
  3. We has always waited to travel on a canal boat.
  4. The boat leaved ripples in its wake.
  5. Did you see what she thrown into the water?
  6. People had spreaded out on deck to get some sun or to troka



  • Write the correct verb in parentheses.
    1. Difference of opinion (was, were) expressed.
    2. By the entrance (is, are) statues of two lions.
    3. Behind the band (comes, come) the mascot.
    4. One of the customers (has, have) a complaint.
    5. Brown or black shoes (looks, look) fine.
    6. Either the road signs or the map (was, were) wrong.
    7. Both a ruler and a pencil (is, are) needed.
    8. No one but him (plays, play) shortstop.
    9. The team (has, have) all given their best efforts.
    10. Six hours (is, are) the time it takes to get there.




We have come to the end of this class. We do hope you enjoyed the class?

Should you have any further question, feel free to ask in the comment section below and trust us to respond as soon as possible.

In our next class, we will be contrasting the consonants /f/ and /v/. We are very much eager to meet you there.


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